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2017 Word of the Year

role

or rôle

[rohl] /roʊl/
noun
1.
a part or character played by an actor or actress.
2.
proper or customary function:
the teacher's role in society.
3.
Sociology. the rights, obligations, and expected behavior patterns associated with a particular social status.
Origin of role
1600-1610
1600-10; < French rôle roll (as of paper) containing the actor's part
Related forms
multirole, adjective
Can be confused
role, roll.
Synonyms
2. capacity, position, responsibility, duty.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for role
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • At forty if a man chooses to assume the role of Orlando he does it to perfection.

    Thoroughbreds W. A. Fraser
  • Perhaps in desperation you may assume the role of cook yourself.

    A Woman Tenderfoot Grace Gallatin Seton-Thompson
  • They have made the prelude, and the importance of their role has passed.

    The Rock of Chickamauga Joseph A. Altsheler
  • His role was that of the deeply respectful "brother artist."

  • If he had learned his role by heart, he could not have played it better.

British Dictionary definitions for role

role

/rəʊl/
noun
1.
a part or character in a play, film, etc, to be played by an actor or actress
2.
(psychol) the part played by a person in a particular social setting, influenced by his expectation of what is appropriate
3.
usual or customary function: what is his role in the organization?
Word Origin
C17: from French rôleroll, an actor's script
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for role
n.

"part or character one takes," c.1600, from French rôle "part played by a person in life," literally "roll (of paper) on which an actor's part is written," from Old French rolle (see roll (n.)). Meaning "function performed characteristically by someone" is from 1875. In the social psychology sense from 1913. Role model first attested 1957.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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role in Medicine

role or rôle (rōl)
n.
The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Nearby words for role

Word Value for role

4
5
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