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[ron-doh, ron-doh] /ˈrɒn doʊ, rɒnˈdoʊ/
noun, plural rondeaux
[ron-dohz, ron-dohz] /ˈrɒn doʊz, rɒnˈdoʊz/ (Show IPA)
Prosody. a short poem of fixed form, consisting of 13 or 10 lines on two rhymes and having the opening words or phrase used in two places as an unrhymed refrain.
a 13th-century monophonic song form consisting of two phrases, each repeated several times, and occurring in the 14th and 15th centuries in polyphonic settings.
a 17th-century musical form consisting of a refrain alternating with contrasting couplets, developing in the 18th century into the sonata-rondo form.
Origin of rondeau
1515-25; < Middle French: little circle; see rondel Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for rondeau


noun (pl) -deaux (-dəʊ; -dəʊz)
a poem consisting of 13 or 10 lines with two rhymes and having the opening words of the first line used as an unrhymed refrain See also roundel
Word Origin
C16: from Old French, from rondel a little round, from rondround
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for rondeau

1520s, from Middle French rondeau, from Old French rondel "short poem" (see rondel). Metrical form of 10 or 13 lines with only two rhymes.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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