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rough breathing

the symbol (ʿ) used in the writing of Greek to indicate aspiration of the initial vowel or of the ρ (rho) over which it is placed.
the aspirated sound indicated by this mark.
Compare smooth breathing.
Origin of rough breathing
1740-50; translation of Latin spiritus asper Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for rough breathing
Historical Examples
  • Call the rough breathing h. Be careful to put the spoken accent where it is written.

    Greek in a Nutshell James Strong
  • The insertion of a rough breathing ʽ calls for a strong aspirate.

    China and the Manchus

    Herbert Allen Giles
  • The one exception is the rough breathing before Ἀνδρασι in footnote 17, which should be a smooth breathing.

  • It is represented in Greek by the rough breathing, and in turn it represents that breathing.

    Latin Pronunciation Harry Thurston Peck
  • Bokol or bookol, to stir; h or ah, to indicate the rough breathing which in Maya denotes the masculine gender.

  • Unmistakably the rough breathing of a man was mingled with the softer murmur of a woman.

    Eastern Shame Girl Charles Georges Souli
  • A smooth final mute is roughened before a vowel with the rough breathing.

    Greek in a Nutshell James Strong
British Dictionary definitions for rough breathing

rough breathing

(in Greek) the sign (῾) placed over an initial letter, or a second letter if the word begins with a diphthong, indicating that (in ancient Greek) it was pronounced with an h Compare smooth breathing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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