A century ago, men and women lived for roughly the same number of years.
These steps have lured some $170 billion in foreign direct investment in 2012 alone (roughly 12 percent of global flows).
Last year, while roughly 3,000 independently owned restaurants closed their doors, more than 1,115 McDonald's thrived.
Of the roughly 360,000 children, there were 44 suspected cases of thyroid cancer.
Viacom is king of the content side, with roughly 25 percent of all cable viewers watching their networks during the day.
Page 561: reference to illustration of roughly reconstructed Gallic reaper: this illustration is not present in the original work.
The man, who had been roughly handled, had risen and was putting his collar straight.
"My last chance has gone," thought Rob as the two fellows seized him roughly and began rummaging his pockets.
"Nonsense," said the Inspector, and pushing her roughly aside he stepped into the room.
The walk was less than two feet wide and roughly squared by pieces of shingle laid in the concrete, tip to tip.
Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cf. Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cf. Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").
The original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
late 15c., from rough (adj.). Related: Roughed; roughing. Phrase rough it "submit to hardships" (1768) is originally nautical:
To lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes: called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to chuse the softest plank. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1788]To rough out "shape or plan approximately" is from 1770. To rough up "make rough" is from 1763. To rough (someone) up "beat up, jostle violently" is from 1868. The U.S. football penalty roughing was originally a term from boxing (1866).
c.1200, "broken ground," from rough (adj.). Meaning "a rowdy" is first attested 1837. Specific sense in golf is from 1901. Phrase in the rough "in an unfinished or unprocessed condition" (of timber, etc.) is from 1819.