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rout1

[rout] /raʊt/
noun
1.
a defeat attended with disorderly flight; dispersal of a defeated force in complete disorder:
to put an army to rout; to put reason to rout.
2.
any overwhelming defeat:
a rout of the home team by the state champions.
3.
a tumultuous or disorderly crowd of persons.
4.
the rabble or mob.
5.
Law. a disturbance of the public peace by three or more persons acting together in a manner that suggests an intention to riot although they do not actually carry out the intention.
6.
a large, formal evening party or social gathering.
7.
Archaic. a company or band of people.
verb (used with object)
8.
to disperse in defeat and disorderly flight:
to rout an army.
9.
to defeat decisively:
to rout an opponent in conversation.
Origin of rout1
1200-1250
1200-50; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French rute, Old French route a fraction, detachment < Latin rupta, feminine past participle of rumpere to break; (v.) derivative of the noun
Can be confused
root, rout, route.
Synonyms
3. swarm, horde. 9. overwhelm, overcome, subdue.

rout2

[rout] /raʊt/
verb (used without object)
1.
to root:
pigs routing in the garden.
2.
to poke, search, or rummage.
verb (used with object)
3.
to turn over or dig up (something) with the snout.
4.
to find or get by searching, rummaging, etc. (usually followed by out).
5.
to cause to rise from bed (often followed by up or out).
6.
to force or drive out.
7.
to hollow out or furrow, as with a scoop, gouge, or machine.
Origin
1540-50; alteration of root2; compare Middle Dutch ruten to root out

rout3

[rout] /raʊt/
verb (used without object), Archaic.
1.
to snore.
Origin
before 900; Middle English routen, Old English hrūtan; cognate with Old High German hrūzan

rout4

[rout, root] /raʊt, rut/ Chiefly British Dialect
verb (used with or without object)
1.
to bellow; roar.
noun
2.
a bellow.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English rowten < Old Norse rauta to bellow; akin to Latin rudere
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for routs
Historical Examples
  • Such satire stings and routs by virtue of the moral force behind it: it is the whip of small cords plied by the man with a soul.

    Paris and the Social Revolution Alvan Francis Sanborn
  • First came the routs and the balls; then, when he had been presented to the husbands, came the dinners.

    Lothair Benjamin Disraeli
  • It chases the whirligig beetles and water-gnats on the surface, or routs at the bottom for caddisworms and other larv.

  • He learned in boyhood, and danced at "balls and routs" until he was sixty-four.

  • His sister, Isis, accords to him due funeral rites after his death and routs his foes.

  • True, I shall miss the routs, the life at court, the plays and the gaming.

    The Grey Cloak Harold MacGrath
  • When she was a young and pretty little bride, dinner parties and routs, as is usual on such occasions, were given in her honour.

    The Book of Cats Charles H. Ross
  • And none of her other routs from the family enemy had been quite like this one.

    V. V.'s Eyes Henry Sydnor Harrison
  • He was not unprovided, but drawing routs him, and subdues his Kingdom.

  • Go to all the routs and parties to which you are asked, and to more still.

    The Virginians William Makepeace Thackeray
British Dictionary definitions for routs

rout1

/raʊt/
noun
1.
an overwhelming defeat
2.
a disorderly retreat
3.
a noisy rabble
4.
(law) a group of three or more people proceeding to commit an illegal act
5.
(archaic) a large party or social gathering
verb
6.
(transitive) to defeat and cause to flee in confusion
Word Origin
C13: from Anglo-Norman rute, from Old French: disorderly band, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to burst; see route

rout2

/raʊt/
verb
1.
to dig over or turn up (something), esp (of an animal) with the snout; root
2.
(transitive; usually foll by out or up) to get or find by searching
3.
(transitive) usually foll by out. to force or drive out: they routed him out of bed at midnight
4.
(transitive) often foll by out. to hollow or gouge out
5.
(intransitive) to search, poke, or rummage
Word Origin
C16: variant of root²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for routs

rout

n.

1590s, "disorderly retreat following a defeat," from Middle French route "disorderly flight of troops," literally "a breaking off, rupture," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," literally "a broken group," from noun use of Latin rupta, fem. past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)).

The archaic English noun rout "group of persons, assemblage," is the same word, from Anglo-French rute, Old French route "host, troop, crowd," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," here with sense of "a division, a detachment." It first came to English meaning "group of soldiers" (early 13c.), also "gang of outlaws or rioters, mob" (c.1300) before the more general sense developed 14c. Also as a legal term. Cf. rout-cake (1807), one baked for use at a reception.

v.

"drive into disordered flight by defeat," c.1600, from rout (n.). Related: Routed; routing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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