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ruffle1

[ruhf-uh l] /ˈrʌf əl/
verb (used with object), ruffled, ruffling.
1.
to destroy the smoothness or evenness of:
The wind ruffled the sand.
2.
to erect (the feathers), as a bird in anger.
3.
to disturb, vex, or irritate:
to be ruffled by a perceived slight.
4.
to turn (the pages of a book) rapidly.
5.
to pass (cards) through the fingers rapidly in shuffling.
6.
to draw up (cloth, lace, etc.) into a ruffle by gathering along one edge.
verb (used without object), ruffled, ruffling.
7.
to be or become ruffled; undulate; flutter:
Flags ruffle in the wind.
8.
to be or become vexed or irritated.
9.
to put on airs; swagger.
noun
10.
a break in the smoothness or evenness of some surface; undulation.
11.
a strip of cloth, lace, etc., drawn up by gathering along one edge and used as a trimming on a dress, blouse, etc.
12.
some object resembling this, as the ruff of a bird.
13.
disturbance or vexation; annoyance; irritation:
It is impossible to live without some daily ruffles to our composure.
14.
a disturbed state of mind; perturbation.
Origin of ruffle1
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English ruffelen (v.); cognate with Low German ruffelen to crumple, rumple; compare Old Norse hruffa to scratch
Related forms
ruffly, adjective
ruffler, noun
Synonyms
1. disarrange, disorder, wrinkle, rumple. 3. upset, annoy, agitate. 10. perturbation, flurry, agitation. 11. frill, ruff.
Antonyms
1. smooth, arrange, order. 3. soothe, compose. 13. tranquillity.

ruffle2

[ruhf-uh l] /ˈrʌf əl/
noun
1.
a low, continuous beating of a drum.
verb (used with object), ruffled, ruffling.
2.
to beat (a drum) in this manner.
Origin
1715-25; archaic ruff in same sense (perhaps imitative) + -le
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for ruffling
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Poor Fairy was wandering restlessly before the closed door, ruffling her feathers, and sometimes flying up and pecking at it.

  • She seemed to get it too clearly cut, there was no ruffling.

    The Good Soldier Ford Madox Ford
  • A fierce wind was howling over the land, swaying the trees and ruffling the surface of the lake.

    If Any Man Sin H. A. Cody
  • I said, ruffling up my fur and my tail, for I was very angry.

    Pussy and Doggy Tales Edith Nesbit
  • Just then the first puff of the coming breeze swept up the river, ruffling its hitherto glassy surface.

    Ungava R.M. Ballantyne
  • Then she had three rolls of ruffling, yards and yards in each piece.

    A Little Girl in Old New York Amanda Millie Douglas
  • “And a false charge too,” cried the woman, ruffling up angrily.

    Of High Descent George Manville Fenn
  • ruffling the surface of the water for a few seconds, it passed away.

    Ungava R.M. Ballantyne
  • A cold and mournful wind blew down the street, ruffling the darkened river.

    The Wave Algernon Blackwood
British Dictionary definitions for ruffling

ruffle1

/ˈrʌfəl/
verb
1.
to make, be, or become irregular or rumpled: to ruffle a child's hair, a breeze ruffling the water
2.
to annoy, irritate, or be annoyed or irritated
3.
(transitive) to make into a ruffle; pleat
4.
(of a bird) to erect (its feathers) in anger, display, etc
5.
(transitive) to flick (cards, pages, etc) rapidly with the fingers
noun
6.
an irregular or disturbed surface
7.
a strip of pleated material used for decoration or as a trim
8.
(zoology) another name for ruff1 (sense 2)
9.
annoyance or irritation
Word Origin
C13: of Germanic origin; compare Middle Low German ruffelen to crumple, Old Norse hrufla to scratch

ruffle2

/ˈrʌfəl/
noun
1.
a low continuous drumbeat
verb
2.
(transitive) to beat (a drum) with a low repetitive beat
Word Origin
C18: from earlier ruff, of imitative origin

ruffle3

/ˈrʌfəl/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (archaic) to behave riotously or arrogantly; swagger
Word Origin
C15: of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ruffling

ruffle

v.

early 14c., "to disturb the smoothness of," perhaps from Old Norse hrufla "to scratch," or Low German ruffelen "to wrinkle, curl," both of unknown origin. Meaning "disarrange" (hair or feathers) first recorded late 15c.; sense of "annoy, distract" is from 1650s. Related: Ruffled; ruffling.

n.

"ornamental frill," 1707, from ruffle (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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