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[ruhp-cher] /ˈrʌp tʃər/
the act of breaking or bursting:
The flood led to the rupture of the dam.
the state of being broken or burst:
a rupture in the earth's surface.
a breach of harmonious, friendly, or peaceful relations.
Pathology. hernia, especially abdominal hernia.
verb (used with object), ruptured, rupturing.
to break or burst:
He ruptured a blood vessel.
to cause a breach of:
to rupture friendly relations.
Pathology. to affect with hernia.
verb (used without object), ruptured, rupturing.
to suffer a break or rupture.
Origin of rupture
1475-85; < Latin ruptūra (noun), equivalent to rupt(us) (past participle of rumpere to break) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
rupturable, adjective
nonrupturable, adjective
nonrupture, noun
unrupturable, adjective
unruptured, adjective
Can be confused
rapture, rupture.
2. fracture, break, split, burst. 5. fracture, split, disrupt.
2. seam, union. 5. unite. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for rupture
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • If he remained only a few minutes it would indicate that there had been a rupture.

    Her Father's Daughter Gene Stratton-Porter
  • The married couple should, therefore, avoid everything which may rupture this link.

    The Sexual Question August Forel
  • As soon as each understood the other's full intention, there would be a rupture.

    The Siege of Boston Allen French
  • Step by step the mother country and its colonies were advancing to a rupture.

    The Siege of Boston Allen French
  • It is rumored here that the Russian ambassador is no stranger to this rupture.'

    A Day's Ride Charles James Lever
British Dictionary definitions for rupture


the act of breaking or bursting or the state of being broken or burst
a breach of peaceful or friendly relations
  1. the breaking or tearing of a bodily structure or part
  2. another word for hernia
to break or burst or cause to break or burst
to affect or be affected with a rupture or hernia
to undergo or cause to undergo a breach in relations or friendship
Derived Forms
rupturable, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin ruptūra a breaking, from rumpere to burst forth; see erupt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for rupture

late 14c., originally medical, from Latin ruptura "the breaking (of an arm or leg), fracture," from past participle stem of rumpere "to break," from PIE *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). Specifically as "abdominal hernia" from early 15c.


1739, from rupture (n.). Related: Ruptured; rupturing. Ruptured duck (1945) was U.S. GI's dismissive term (based on its design) for the discharge button they were awarded.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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rupture in Medicine

rupture rup·ture (rŭp'chər)

  1. The process of breaking open or bursting.

  2. A hernia, especially of the groin or intestines.

  3. A tear in an organ or a tissue.

v. rup·tured, rup·tur·ing, rup·tures
To break open; burst.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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