Over these distant provinces, Rurik established governors selected from his own nation, the Normans.
When the Rurik appeared, Kadu was in the woods a long way from the coast.
The great nobles, many of whom traced their descent to Rurik, objected to a czar, whom they considered and called an upstart.
Yaroslaf confirmed the free institutions which Rurik had respected.
Rurik's successor extended the bounds of the new empire so as to include the important town of Kiev on the Dnieper.
Oleg, the fourth brother of Rurik, was his successor, his son Igor being yet a minor.
For six centuries after the so-called invitation of Rurik the city on the Volkhof had a strange, checkered history.
Russia had made a remarkable stride forward as a nation since Rurik was invited to Novgorod a quarter-century before.
Two years later Rurik, by the death of both his brothers, was left in sole chieftaincy of the adventurers.
The death of Oleg brought Igor his ward, then nearly forty years of age, to the throne of Rurik his father.