- a line of cliffs formed by the faulting or fracturing of the earth's crust; an escarpment.
- Fortification. an escarp.
- to form or cut into a steep slope.
Origin of scarp
Examples from the Web for scarp
The first up, on clearing the scarp, have their eyes upon the Dutchman.The Flag of Distress
The scarp is about 40 feet high at the highest point; (Fig. 242).Archology and the Bible
George A. Barton
There were several hits on the scarp, but none of the guns were touched.
There were several hits on the scarp, but none of the guns were in any way injured.
He was within an ace of capture, and to save himself was forced back from the scarp.Prester John
- a steep slope, esp one formed by erosion or faulting; escarpmentSee also cuesta
- fortifications the side of a ditch cut nearest to and immediately below a rampart
- (tr; often passive) to wear or cut so as to form a steep slope
Word Origin and History for scarp
"steep slope," 1580s, from Italian scarpa "slope," probably from a Germanic source, perhaps Gothic skarpo "pointed object," from Proto-Germanic *skarpa- "cutting, sharp" (cf. Middle High German schroffe "sharp rock, crag," Old English scræf "cave, grave"), from PIE *(s)ker- "to cut" (see shear (v.)).
- A continuous line of cliffs produced by vertical movement of the Earth's crust along a fault or by erosion. The term is often used interchangeably with escarpment but is more accurately associated with cliffs produced by faulting rather than those produced by erosional processes.