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[skli-reng-kuh-muh] /sklɪˈrɛŋ kə mə/
noun, Botany.
supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened, dry, and hardened cells.
Origin of sclerenchyma
First recorded in 1860-65; scler- + (par)enchyma
Related forms
[skleer-eng-kim-uh-tuh s, skler-] /ˌsklɪər ɛŋˈkɪm ə təs, ˌsklɛr-/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for sclerenchymatous


a supporting tissue in plants consisting of dead cells with very thick lignified walls
Derived Forms
sclerenchymatous (ˌsklɪərɛŋˈkɪmətəs) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from sclero- + parenchyma
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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sclerenchymatous in Science
A supportive tissue of vascular plants, consisting of thick-walled, usually lignified cells. Sclerenchyma cells normally die upon reaching maturity but continue to fulfill their structural purpose in the plant. There are two types of sclerenchyma cells: fiber cells and sclereids. Compare collenchyma, parenchyma.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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