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chastise

[chas-tahyz, chas-tahyz]
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verb (used with object), chas·tised, chas·tis·ing.
  1. to discipline, especially by corporal punishment.
  2. to criticize severely.
  3. Archaic. to restrain; chasten.
  4. Archaic. to refine; purify.

Origin of chastise

1275–1325; Middle English chastisen, equivalent to chasti(en) to chasten + -s- < ? + -en infinitive suffix
Related formschas·tis·a·ble, adjectivechas·tise·ment [chas-tiz-muh nt, chas-tahyz-] /ˈtʃæs tɪz mənt, tʃæsˈtaɪz-/, nounchas·tis·er, nounnon·chas·tise·ment, nounself-chas·tise, verb (used with object), self·-chas·tised, self·-chas·tis·ing.self-chas·tise·ment, nounun·chas·tis·a·ble, adjectiveun·chas·tised, adjectiveun·chas·tis·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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1. punish, castigate; whip, beat, flog, spank.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for self-chastise

chastise

verb (tr)
  1. to discipline or punish, esp by beating
  2. to scold severely
Derived Formschastisable, adjectivechastisement (ˈtʃæstɪzmənt, tʃæsˈtaɪz-), nounchastiser, noun

Word Origin

C14 chastisen, irregularly from chastien to chasten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for self-chastise

chastise

v.

c.1300, chastisen, from Old French chastiier "to warn, advise, instruct; chastise, admonish; punish; dominate, tame" (12c., Modern French châtier), from Latin castigare "to set or keep right, to reprove, chasten, to punish," literally "to make pure" (see castigate). Or perhaps from Middle English chastien (see chasten) + -ise, though this would be early for such a native formation. The form of the modern word "is not easily accounted for" [OED]. Related: Chastised; chastising.

He alone may chastise who loves. [Rabindranath Tagore, "The Crescent Moon," 1913]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper