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reform

[ri-fawrm]
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noun
  1. the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc.: social reform; spelling reform.
  2. an instance of this.
  3. the amendment of conduct, belief, etc.
verb (used with object)
  1. to change to a better state, form, etc.; improve by alteration, substitution, abolition, etc.
  2. to cause (a person) to abandon wrong or evil ways of life or conduct.
  3. to put an end to (abuses, disorders, etc.).
  4. Chemistry. to subject to the process of reforming, as in refining petroleum.
verb (used without object)
  1. to abandon evil conduct or error: The drunkard promised to reform.
adjective
  1. (initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of Reform Jews or Reform Judaism: a Reform rabbi.

Origin of reform

1300–50; (v.) Middle English reformen < Middle French reformer, Old French < Latin refōrmāre (see re-, form); (noun) partly derivative of the v., partly < French réforme
Related formsre·form·a·ble, adjectivere·form·a·bil·i·ty, re·form·a·ble·ness, nounre·form·a·tive, adjectivere·form·a·tive·ly, adverbre·form·a·tive·ness, nounre·form·ing·ly, adverban·ti·re·form, adjectivemis·re·form, verbpre·re·form, adjectivepro·re·form, adjectiveself-re·form, nounsu·per·re·form, noun, verb (used with object)un·re·form·a·ble, adjectiveun·re·form·a·tive, adjective
Can be confusedre-form reform

Synonyms

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1. correction, reformation, betterment, amelioration. 4. better, rectify, correct, amend, emend, ameliorate, repair, restore.

Antonyms

1. deterioration.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for self-reform

Historical Examples

  • Our modern reformer is not always conscious of any need for self-reform.

    Mountain Meditations

    L. Lind-af-Hageby

  • His sober hours he devoted to schemes for self-reform and a revision of the text for future editions.

  • The Latin American Republics have in turn pledged a new and strenuous effort of self-help and self-reform.

  • It is stimulating our good neighbors to more self-help and self-reform--fiscal, social, institutional, and land reforms.

  • Worldly policy urged him to apply himself on the one hand to his studies and on the other to self-reform.

    George Muller of Bristol

    Arthur T. Pierson


British Dictionary definitions for self-reform

reform

verb
  1. (tr) to improve (an existing institution, law, practice, etc) by alteration or correction of abuses
  2. to give up or cause to give up a reprehensible habit or immoral way of life
  3. chem to change the molecular structure of (a hydrocarbon) to make it suitable for use as petrol by heat, pressure, and the action of catalysts
noun
  1. an improvement or change for the better, esp as a result of correction of legal or political abuses or malpractices
  2. a principle, campaign, or measure aimed at achieving such change
  3. improvement of morals or behaviour, esp by giving up some vice
Derived Formsreformable, adjectivereformative, adjectivereformer, noun

Word Origin

C14: via Old French from Latin reformāre to form again
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for self-reform

reform

v.

c.1300, "to convert into another and better form," from Old French reformer "rebuild, reconstruct, recreate" (12c.), from Latin reformare "to form again, change, transform, alter," from re- "again" (see re-) + formare "to form" (see form (n.)). Intransitive sense from 1580s.

Meaning "to bring (a person) away from an evil course of life" is recorded from early 15c.; of governments, institutions, etc., from early 15c. Related: Reformed; reforming. Reformed churches (1580s) usually are Calvinist as opposed to Lutheran. Reformed Judaism (1843) is a movement initiated in Germany by Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786). Reform school is attested from 1859.

reform

n.

"any proceeding which brings back a better order of things," 1660s, from reform (v.) and in some uses from French réforme. As a branch of Judaism from 1843.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper