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fiction

[fik-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration, especially in prose form.
  2. works of this class, as novels or short stories: detective fiction.
  3. something feigned, invented, or imagined; a made-up story: We've all heard the fiction of her being in delicate health.
  4. the act of feigning, inventing, or imagining.
  5. an imaginary thing or event, postulated for the purposes of argument or explanation.
  6. Law. an allegation that a fact exists that is known not to exist, made by authority of law to bring a case within the operation of a rule of law.
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Origin of fiction

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin fictiōn- (stem of fictiō) a shaping, hence a feigning, fiction, equivalent to fict(us) molded (past participle of fingere) + -iōn- -ion
Related formsfic·tion·al, adjectivefic·tion·al·ly, adverbpro·fic·tion, adjectivesem·i·fic·tion, nounsem·i·fic·tion·al, adjectivesem·i·fic·tion·al·ly, adverb
Can be confusedfacetious factious factitious fictional fictitiousfactitious fictional fictitious fictive

Synonyms

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3. fable, fantasy. Fiction, fabrication, figment suggest a story that is without basis in reality. Fiction suggests a story invented and fashioned either to entertain or to deceive: clever fiction; pure fiction. Fabrication applies particularly to a false but carefully invented statement or series of statements, in which some truth is sometimes interwoven, the whole usually intended to deceive: fabrications to lure speculators. Figment applies to a tale, idea, or statement often made up to explain, justify, or glorify oneself: His rich uncle was a figment of his imagination.

Antonyms

3. fact.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for semi-fiction

fiction

noun
  1. literary works invented by the imagination, such as novels or short stories
  2. an invented story or explanation; lie
  3. the act of inventing a story or explanation
  4. law something assumed to be true for the sake of convenience, though probably false
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Derived Formsfictional, adjectivefictionally, adverbfictioneer or fictionist, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Latin fictiō a fashioning, hence something imaginary, from fingere to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for semi-fiction

fiction

n.

late 14c., "something invented," from Old French ficcion (13c.) "dissimulation, ruse; invention," and directly from Latin fictionem (nominative fictio) "a fashioning or feigning," noun of action from past participle stem of fingere "to shape, form, devise, feign," originally "to knead, form out of clay," from PIE *dheigh- (cf. Old English dag "dough;" see dough). As a branch of literature, 1590s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

semi-fiction in Culture

fiction

Literature that is a work of the imagination and is not necessarily based on fact. Some examples of modern works of fiction are The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Lolita, by Vladimir Nabokov.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.