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paralysis

[puh-ral-uh-sis]
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noun, plural pa·ral·y·ses [puh-ral-uh-seez] /pəˈræl əˌsiz/.
  1. Pathology.
    1. a loss or impairment of voluntary movement in a body part, caused by injury or disease of the nerves, brain, or spinal cord.
    2. a disease characterized by this, especially palsy.
  2. a state of helpless stoppage, inactivity, or inability to act: The strike caused a paralysis of all shipping.
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Origin of paralysis

before 1150; < Latin < Greek parálysis, equivalent to paraly-, var stem of paralȳ́ein to loosen (i.e., disable) on one side (para- para-1 + lȳ́ein to loosen) + -sis -sis; replacing Middle English paralisi(e) < Old French < Latin, as above; replacing late Old English paralisin (accusative) < Latin, as above; cf. palsy1
Related formsnon·pa·ral·y·sis, noun, plural non·pa·ral·y·ses.sem·i·pa·ral·y·sis, noun, plural sem·i·pa·ral·y·ses.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for semi-paralysis

Historical Examples

  • I was afterwards informed that this semi-paralysis from sudden fear is a known characteristic of the animal.

    The Girl's Own Paper, Vol. VIII, No. 355, October 16, 1886

    Various

  • The first effect of a great shock is usually a semi-paralysis of the entire mental mechanism and is, as a rule, beneficent.

    The Sky Line of Spruce

    Edison Marshall

  • His face was flushing and its was evident that the semi-paralysis of the first infection was passing into a fever stage.

    Plotting in Pirate Seas

    Francis Rolt-Wheeler


British Dictionary definitions for semi-paralysis

paralysis

noun plural -ses (-ˌsiːz)
  1. pathol
    1. impairment or loss of voluntary muscle function or of sensation (sensory paralysis) in a part or area of the body, usually caused by a lesion or disorder of the muscles or the nerves supplying them
    2. a disease characterized by such impairment or loss; palsy
  2. cessation or impairment of activityparalysis of industry by strikes
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Word Origin

C16: via Latin from Greek paralusis; see para- 1, -lysis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for semi-paralysis

paralysis

n.

1520s, from Latin paralysis, from Greek paralysis "paralysis, palsy," literally "loosening," from paralyein "disable, enfeeble," from para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + lyein "loosen, untie" (see lose).

Figurative use from 1813. Earlier form was paralysie (late 14c., see palsy). Old English equivalent was lyft adl (see left (adj.)) or crypelnes "crippleness."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

semi-paralysis in Medicine

paralysis

(pə-rălĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. pa•ral•y•ses (-sēz′)
  1. Loss of power of voluntary movement in a muscle through injury or through disease of its nerve supply.
  2. Loss of sensation over a region of the body.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

semi-paralysis in Science

paralysis

[pə-rălĭ-sĭs]
  1. Loss or impairment of voluntary movement or sensation in a part of the body, usually as a result of neurologic injury or disease.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

semi-paralysis in Culture

paralysis

[(puh-ral-uh-sis)]

The loss of voluntary movement in a body part. Paralysis results from damage to the nerves that supply the affected part of the body.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.