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or septicaemia

[sep-tuh-see-mee-uh] /ˌsɛp təˈsi mi ə/
noun, Pathology.
the invasion and persistence of pathogenic bacteria in the blood-stream.
Origin of septicemia
From New Latin, dating back to 1865-70; See origin at septic, -emia
Related forms
septicemic, septicaemic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Word Origin and History for septicemia

1857, Modern Latin septicæmia, from French septicoemi, coined irregularly by French physician Pierre-Adolphe Piorry (1794-1879) in 1837 from Greek septikos (see septic) + haima "blood" (see -emia).

Dr. Piorry, in a second communication, insists upon the fact, that in a great number of cases the decaying contents of the uterus, and the putrid infection of the blood from this source, constitute the so-called puerperal fever, and he thinks that the discussion in the Academy is only a fight about words, as the different speakers agree, without knowing it themselves, upon the nature of the disease. He proposes the name of septicemia, as best designating the sources of the disease, viz., from putrid infection from the uterus, and by the respiration of an atmosphere pregnant with septic particles. ... The admission of this septicemia explains the putrid accidents, as observed in men, the foetus, and wounded persons during a puerperal epidemic. [E. Noeggerath and A. Jacobi, "Contributions to Midwifery," New York, 1859]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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septicemia in Medicine

septicemia sep·ti·ce·mi·a (sěp'tĭ-sē'mē-ə)
A systemic disease caused by the multiplication of microorganisms in the blood. Also called blood poisoning, septic fever.

sep'ti·ce'mic (-mĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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