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shah

[shah, shaw]
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noun (often initial capital letter)
  1. (formerly, in Iran) king; sovereign.

Origin of shah

1560–70; < Persian: king
Related formsshah·dom, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for shah

shah

noun
  1. a ruler of certain Middle Eastern countries, esp (formerly) Iran
Derived Formsshahdom, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Persian: king
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for shah

n.

title of the king of Persia, 1560s, shaw, from Persian shah, shortened from Old Persian xšayathiya "king," from Indo-Iranian *ksayati "he has power over, rules" from PIE *tke- "to gain control of, gain power over" (cf. Sanskrit ksatram "dominion;" Greek krasthai "to acquire, get," kektesthai "to possess"). His wife is a shahbanu (from banu "lady"); his son is a shahzadah (from zadah "son").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper