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[shah, shaw] /ʃɑ, ʃɔ/
noun, (often initial capital letter)
(formerly, in Iran) king; sovereign.
Origin of shah
1560-70; < Persian: king
Related forms
shahdom, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for shah


a ruler of certain Middle Eastern countries, esp (formerly) Iran
Derived Forms
shahdom, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Persian: king
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for shah

title of the king of Persia, 1560s, shaw, from Persian shah, shortened from Old Persian xšayathiya "king," from Indo-Iranian *ksayati "he has power over, rules" from PIE *tke- "to gain control of, gain power over" (cf. Sanskrit ksatram "dominion;" Greek krasthai "to acquire, get," kektesthai "to possess"). His wife is a shahbanu (from banu "lady"); his son is a shahzadah (from zadah "son").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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