The Philistines from the maritime plain had made incursions into the Hebrew upland for the purposes of plunder, when one of this name, the son of Anath, otherwise unknown, headed a rising for the purpose of freeing the land from this oppression. He repelled the invasion, slaying 600 men with an "ox goad" (q.v.). The goad was a formidable sharpointed instrument, sometimes ten feet long. He was probably contemporary for a time with Deborah and Barak (Judg. 3:31; 5:6).
shamgar, we are told, one of the earliest of the Judges, slew six hundred of them "with an ox-goad."
And after him was shamgar, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.
I can only hope that shamgar did not waylay the Philistines, simply killing them unawares.
Then they showed him the ox's goad wherewith shamgar slew six hundred men.
The old Hebrew farmer shamgar had only a long ox-goad with which to prod his beasts in the field.
They could scarcely have been all killed in one day, and tne probability is, that shamgar did not attack the 600 men in a mass.
Had he not worked by shamgar alone, when with his ox goad he slew six hundred Philistines?