• synonyms


or sha·mes

[shah-muh s]
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noun, plural sham·mo·sim [shah-maw-sim] /ʃɑˈmɔ sɪm/.
  1. sexton(def 2).
  2. the candle used to kindle the candles in the Hanukkah menorah.

Origin of shammes

1945–50; < Yiddish shames < Hebrew shammāsh server, attendant
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for shammes



noun plural shammosim or shammashim (Hebrew ʃaˈmɔsɪm) Judaism
  1. an official acting as the beadle, sexton, and caretaker of a synagogue
  2. the extra candle used on the Feast of Hanukkah to kindle the lamps or candles of the menorah

Word Origin

from Hebrew shāmmāsh, from Aramaic shĕmāsh to serve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012