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shawm

[shawm] /ʃɔm/
noun
1.
an early musical woodwind instrument with a double reed: the forerunner of the modern oboe.
Origin of shawm
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English schalme < Middle French chaume < Latin calamus stalk, reed < Greek kálamos reed; replacing Middle English schallemele < Middle French chalemel (see chalumeau)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for shawm

shawm

/ʃɔːm/
noun
1.
(music) a medieval form of the oboe with a conical bore and flaring bell, blown through a double reed
Word Origin
C14 shalmye, from Old French chalemie, ultimately from Latin calamus a reed, from Greek kalamos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shawm
n.

"medieval oboe-like instrument," mid-14c., schalmeis (plural), also schallemele (late 14c.), from Old French chalemie, chalemel, from Late Latin calamellus, literally "a small reed," diminutive of Latin calamus "reed," from Greek kalamos, from PIE *kole-mo- "grass, reed" (cf. Old English healm "straw," Latin culmus "stalk"). Mistaken as a plural and trimmed of its "-s" ending from mid-15c. Related: Shawmist.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
13
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