- a member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam that regards Ali, the son-in-law of Muhammad, as the legitimate successor of Muhammad, and disregards the three caliphs who succeeded him.
Also Shi·ite, Shiʿa, Shiʿah, Shi·ʿi [shee-ee, shee-ee] /ʃiˈi, ˈʃi i/.
Compare Sunni(def 1).
Origin of Shiʿite
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for shiism
Iran belongs to all Iranians; it cannot and must not be reduced to Islam, nor Islam to Shiism or Shiism to Khomeinism.The Nuclear Deal That Iran’s Regime Fears Most
November 22, 2014
Alawis are a very unique and distinct Muslim group, which mixes elements of Shiism and Christianity together.The Battle Within Syria: Who Will Win?
June 12, 2011
These last matters, however, are rather excrescences than necessary parts of Shiism.The Future of Islam
Wilfred Scawen Blunt
- Islam the beliefs and practices of Shiah
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for shiism
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper