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shirk

[shurk] /ʃɜrk/
verb (used with object)
1.
to evade (work, duty, responsibility, etc.).
verb (used without object)
2.
to evade work, duty, etc.
noun
3.
a shirker.
Origin of shirk
1625-1635
First recorded in 1625-35; obscurely akin to shark2
Related forms
unshirked, adjective
unshirking, adjective
Synonyms
1. shun, avoid, dodge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for shirked
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • And, besides, he felt like a coward who had shirked his duty.

  • It was telling the duke that he shirked danger as plain as ever I have heard a man told.

    The Prisoner of Zenda Anthony Hope
  • But these he shirked where possible, as he had shirked his lessons in earlier days.

    The Strolling Saint Raphael Sabatini
  • It should not be said that the son of David Allison flinched or shirked a duty!

    Rodney, the Ranger John V. Lane
  • John Ellwell shirked then; it was not much to do to go to the front.

    The Man Who Wins Robert Herrick
  • He ought to have said good night to Lady Angleford, but he shirked it.

    Nell, of Shorne Mills

    Charles Garvice
British Dictionary definitions for shirked

shirk1

/ʃɜːk/
verb
1.
to avoid discharging (work, a duty, etc); evade
noun
2.
a person who shirks
Word Origin
C17: probably from German Schurke rogue; see shark²

shirk2

/ʃɪːk/
noun
1.
(Islam)
  1. the fundamental sin of regarding anything as equal to Allah
  2. any belief that is considered to be in opposition to Allah and Islam
Word Origin
from Arabic: association
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shirked

shirk

v.

1630s, "to practice fraud or trickery," also a noun (1630s, now obsolete) "a needy, disreputable parasite" [OED], perhaps from German schurke "scoundrel, rogue, knave, villain" (see shark (n.)). Sense of "evade one's work or duty" first recorded 1785, originally in slang. Related: Shirked; shirking.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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15
14
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