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Simon

[sahy-muh n; French see-mawn for 7] /ˈsaɪ mən; French siˈmɔ̃ for 7/
noun
1.
the original name of the apostle Peter.
Compare Peter.
2.
Simon the Zealot, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4.
3.
the Canaanite, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15.
4.
a relative, perhaps a brother, of Jesus: sometimes identified with Simon the Canaanite. Matt. 13:55; Mark 6:3.
5.
(“Simon Magus”) the Samaritan sorcerer who was converted by the apostle Philip. Acts 8:9–24.
6.
(“Simon Magus”) fl. 2nd century a.d. ?, founder of a Gnostic sect and reputed prototype of the Faust legend: often identified with the Biblical Simon Magus.
7.
Claude [klohd] /kloʊd/ (Show IPA), 1913–2005, French novelist, born in Madagascar: Nobel prize 1985.
8.
Herbert Alexander, 1916–2001, U.S. social scientist and economist: Nobel prize 1978.
9.
Sir John (Allsebrook)
[awlz-broo k] /ˈɔlzˌbrʊk/ (Show IPA),
1873–1954, British statesman and lawyer.
10.
Neil, born 1927, U.S. playwright.
11.
Paul, born 1942, U.S. singer and songwriter.
12.
a male given name, form of Simeon.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for Simon

Simon

/ˈsaɪmən/
noun
1.
the original name of (Saint) Peter (sense 1)
2.
(New Testament)
  1. See Simon Zelotes
  2. Also Simon the Tanner. a relative of Jesus, who may have been identical with Simon Zelotes (Matthew 13:55)
  3. Also Simon the Tanner. a Christian of Joppa with whom Peter stayed (Acts of the Apostles 9:43)
3.
John (Allsebrook), 1st Viscount Simon. 1873–1954, British statesman and lawyer. He was Liberal home secretary (1915–16) and, as a leader of the National Liberals, foreign secretary (1931–35), home secretary (1935–37), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1937–40), Lord Chancellor (1940–45)
4.
(Marvin) Neil. born 1927, US dramatist and librettist, whose plays include Barefoot in the Park (1963), California Suite (1976), Biloxi Blues (1985), Lost in Yonkers (1990), and London Suite (1995): many have been made into films
5.
Paul. born 1941, US pop singer and songwriter. His albums include: with Art Garfunkel (born 1941), The Sounds of Silence (1966), and Bridge over Troubled Water (1970); and, solo, Graceland (1986), The Rhythm of the Saints (1990), and You're The One (2000)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Simon

masc. proper name, from Latin, from Greek Symeon, from Hebrew Shim'on, literally "hearkening, hearing," from shama "he heard." In English Old Testaments, usually printed as Simeon, but in New Testament almost always as Simon. Confused with Greek masc. proper name Simon, which is from simos "snub-nosed."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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