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[sloop] /slup/
a single-masted, fore-and-aft-rigged sailing vessel, with or without a bowsprit, having a jib-headed or gaff mainsail, the latter sometimes with a gaff topsail, and one or more headsails.
Compare cutter (def 3), knockabout (def 1).
Origin of sloop
1620-30; < Dutch sloep; akin to Old English slūpan to glide Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for sloop
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • No, continued Clawbonny; the real truth is, it is not the sloop you care about: it is the man.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • Including the sloop and the Halkett- boat, there was about 1500 lbs.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • There is the cutter rig, yawl rig, sloop rig, and the ketch rig.

    Boys' Book of Model Boats Raymond Francis Yates
  • She became interested in a sloop, beating into Wellmouth harbor, and watched that.

    Keziah Coffin Joseph C. Lincoln
  • You engage him to discover a likely sloop whose owner is disposed to sell.

    Captain Blood Rafael Sabatini
  • We agreed that the sloop and the cargo were to go free if Colonel Sullivan—but you know!

    The Wild Geese Stanley John Weyman
  • The sloop and her cargo can be made good to her owners—at another time.

    The Wild Geese Stanley John Weyman
  • They would at least have a start, the sloop in front of them, and their enemies behind them.

    The Wild Geese Stanley John Weyman
  • At last a lighter was mustered, and a sloop from Hingham, which had six port holes.

    The Siege of Boston Allen French
British Dictionary definitions for sloop


a single-masted sailing vessel, rigged fore-and-aft, with the mast stepped about one third of the overall length aft of the bow Compare cutter (sense 2)
Word Origin
C17: from Dutch sloep; related to French chaloupe launch, Old English slūpan to glide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sloop

"small fore and aft rigged vessel with one mast, generally carrying a jib, fore-stay sail, mainsail, and gaff-topsail," 1620s, from Dutch sloep "a sloop;" probably from French chaloupe, from Old French chalupe "small, sloop-rigged vessel," which is perhaps related to English shallop [OED]. But according to Barnhart and Watkins the Dutch word might simply be from Middle Dutch slupen "to glide," from PIE *sleubh- (see sleeve). In old military use, a small ship of war carrying guns on the upper deck only (1670s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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