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sluggish

[sluhg-ish] /ˈslʌg ɪʃ/
adjective
1.
indisposed to action or exertion; lacking in energy; lazy; indolent:
a sluggish disposition.
2.
not acting or working with full vigor, as bodily organs:
a sluggish liver.
3.
slow to act or respond:
a sluggish car engine.
4.
moving slowly, or having little motion, as a stream.
5.
slow, as motion.
6.
slack, as trade, business, or sales.
Origin of sluggish
late Middle English
1400-1450
First recorded in 1400-50, sluggish is from the late Middle English word slugissh. See slug1, -ish1
Related forms
sluggishly, adverb
sluggishness, noun
unsluggish, adjective
unsluggishly, adverb
unsluggishness, noun
Synonyms
1. slow, slothful. See inactive.
Antonyms
1. quick, active.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for sluggish
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He wrestled with the big and sluggish stone, as if it had been a living enemy.

    Tanglewood Tales Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • And how, on the other hand, are we to strengthen it, to quicken its sluggish blood?

    The Book of Khalid Ameen Rihani
  • The cold air entering by the open window, whipped his sluggish blood.

    Therese Raquin Emile Zola
  • When the climate was warm they were active; when the climate was cold they were sluggish.

    The Meaning of Evolution Samuel Christian Schmucker
  • A thousand feet below was the white lake, sluggish and dead.

    The Martian Cabal Roman Frederick Starzl
British Dictionary definitions for sluggish

sluggish

/ˈslʌɡɪʃ/
adjective
1.
lacking energy; inactive; slow-moving
2.
functioning at below normal rate or level
3.
exhibiting poor response to stimulation
Derived Forms
sluggishly, adverb
sluggishness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sluggish
adj.

mid-15c., from Middle English slugge "lazy person" (see sluggard) + -ish. Earlier adjective was sluggi (early 13c.). Related: Sluggishly; sluggishness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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