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slump

[sluhmp]
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verb (used without object)
  1. to drop or fall heavily; collapse: Suddenly she slumped to the floor.
  2. to assume a slouching, bowed, or bent position or posture: Stand up straight and don't slump!
  3. to decrease or fall suddenly and markedly, as prices or the market.
  4. to decline or deteriorate, as health, business, quality, or efficiency.
  5. to sink into a bog, muddy place, etc., or through ice or snow.
  6. to sink heavily, as the spirits.
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noun
  1. an act or instance of slumping.
  2. a decrease, decline, or deterioration.
  3. a period of decline or deterioration.
  4. any mild recession in the economy as a whole or in a particular industry.
  5. a period during which a person performs slowly, inefficiently, or ineffectively, especially a period during which an athlete or team fails to play or score as well as usual.
  6. a slouching, bowed, or bent position or posture, especially of the shoulders.
  7. a landslide or rockslide.
  8. the vertical subsidence of freshly mixed concrete that is a measure of consistency and stiffness.
  9. New England Cookery. a dessert made with cooked fruit, especially apples or berries, topped with a thick layer of biscuit dough or crumbs.
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Origin of slump

1670–80; orig., to sink into a bog or mud; perhaps imitative (cf. plump2)
Related formsun·slumped, adjectiveun·slump·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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8. lapse, reverse, setback.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for slump

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • He'd heard these rumours about a slump, and he's fifty years old at that.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Others not less popular had to do with the reasons for the slump.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • There was no weak fiber that would let her slump before this emergency.

    Rim o' the World

    B. M. Bower

  • If a slump of any kind comes, he will be without a prop to lean on.

  • The slump was still in evidence and the work was light until Thursday.

    Left End Edwards

    Ralph Henry Barbour


British Dictionary definitions for slump

slump

verb (intr)
  1. to sink or fall heavily and suddenly
  2. to relax ungracefully
  3. (of business activity, etc) to decline suddenly; collapse
  4. (of health, interest, etc) to deteriorate or decline suddenly or markedly
  5. (of soil or rock) to slip down a slope, esp a cliff, usually with a rotational movement
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noun
  1. a sudden or marked decline or failure, as in progress or achievement; collapse
  2. a decline in commercial activity, prices, etc
  3. economics another word for depression
  4. the act of slumping
  5. a slipping of earth or rock; landslide
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Word Origin

C17: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Low German slump bog, Norwegian slumpa to fall

Slump

noun
  1. the Slump another name for the Depression
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for slump

v.

1670s, "fall or sink into a muddy place," probably from a Scandinavian source, cf. Norwegian and Danish slumpe "fall upon," Swedish slumpa; perhaps ultimately of imitative origin. Related: Slumped; slumping.

The word "slump," or "slumped," has too coarse a sound to be used by a lady. [Eliza Leslie, "Miss Leslie's Behaviour Book," Philadelphia, 1839]

Economic sense from 1888.

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n.

"act of slumping, slumping movement," 1850; "heavy decline in prices on the stock exchange," 1888, from slump (v.). Generalized by 1922 to "sharp decline in trade or business."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper