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sober

[soh-ber] /ˈsoʊ bər/
adjective, soberer, soberest.
1.
not intoxicated or drunk.
2.
habitually temperate, especially in the use of liquor.
3.
quiet or sedate in demeanor, as persons.
4.
marked by seriousness, gravity, solemnity, etc., as of demeanor, speech, etc.:
a sober occasion.
5.
subdued in tone, as color; not colorful or showy, as clothes.
6.
free from excess, extravagance, or exaggeration:
sober facts.
7.
showing self-control:
sober restraint.
8.
sane or rational:
a sober solution to the problem.
verb (used with or without object)
9.
to make or become sober: (often followed by up).
Origin of sober
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English sobre < Old French < Latin sōbrius
Related forms
soberingly, adverb
soberly, adverb
soberness, noun
nonsober, adjective
nonsoberly, adverb
nonsoberness, noun
nonsobering, adjective
quasi-sober, adjective
quasi-soberly, adverb
unsober, adjective
unsoberly, adverb
unsoberness, noun
unsobered, adjective
unsobering, adjective
Synonyms
2. abstinent, abstemious. 4. serious, quiet, sedate, subdued, staid. See grave2 . 5. somber, dull. 7. composed, collected. 8. reasonable, sound.
Antonyms
4. gay.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for sober
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • And Buck was just sober enough to perceive that he was being held lightly.

    Way of the Lawless Max Brand
  • These questions, in her sober mood, weighed the others down.

    Viviette William J. Locke
  • The delusion has now vanished, and made room for sober reason and reflection.

    The Grand Old Man Richard B. Cook
  • Let us not sleep as do others, but let us watch and be sober.

    Ester Ried Yet Speaking Isabella Alden
  • But that bit about the sober gray eyes and the piquant chin Jane was responsible for.

British Dictionary definitions for sober

sober

/ˈsəʊbə/
adjective
1.
not drunk
2.
not given to excessive indulgence in drink or any other activity
3.
sedate and rational: a sober attitude to a problem
4.
(of colours) plain and dull or subdued
5.
free from exaggeration or speculation: he told us the sober truth
verb
6.
(usually foll by up) to make or become less intoxicated, reckless, etc
Derived Forms
sobering, adjective
soberingly, adverb
soberly, adverb
soberness, noun
Word Origin
C14 sobre, from Old French, from Latin sōbrius
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sober
adj.

mid-14c., "moderate in desires or actions, temperate, restrained," especially "abstaining from strong drink," also "calm, quiet, not overcome by emotion," from Old French sobre "decent; sober" (12c.), from Latin sobrius "not drunk, temperate, moderate, sensible," from a variant of se- "without" (see se-) + ebrius "drunk," of unknown origin. Meaning "not drunk at the moment" is from late 14c.; also "appropriately solemn, serious, not giddy." Related: Soberly; soberness. Sobersides "sedate, serious-minded person" is recorded from 1705.

v.

late 14c., "reduce to a quiet condition" (transitive), from sober (adj.). Meaning "render grave or serious" is from 1726. Intransitive sense of "become sober" (since late 19c. often with up) is from 1820. Related: Sobered; sobering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for sober

sober

Related Terms

cold sober, stone cold sober

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Word Value for sober

7
8
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