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[soh-see-ol-uh-jee, soh-shee-] /ˌsoʊ siˈɒl ə dʒi, ˌsoʊ ʃi-/
the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc.
Origin of sociology
From the French word sociologie, dating back to 1835-45. See socio-, -logy
Related forms
sociologist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for sociologist
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Campanella was also, as we should say nowadays, a sociologist.

  • But if I'm anything I'm a sociologist, and my business is to make experiments.

    The Coryston Family Mrs. Humphry Ward
  • The first of these is the province of the sociologist; the second that of the eugenist.

    The Meaning of Evolution Samuel Christian Schmucker
  • These will be the views respectively of the economist and the sociologist.

    The Deaf Harry Best
  • History supplies much of the data of the sociologist from the records of the past.

    Society Henry Kalloch Rowe
British Dictionary definitions for sociologist


the study of the development, organization, functioning, and classification of human societies
Derived Forms
sociological (ˌsəʊsɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) adjective
sociologically, adverb
sociologist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sociologist

1843, from sociology + -ist.



the science of social phenomena, 1843, from French sociologie, a hybrid coined 1830 by French philosopher Isidore Auguste Comte (1798-1857), from Latin socius "associate" (see social (adj.)) + Greek-derived suffix -logie (see -logy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sociologist in Science
The scientific study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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sociologist in Culture

sociology definition

The systematic study of human society, especially present-day societies. Sociologists study the organization, institutions, and development of societies, with a particular interest in identifying causes of the changing relationships among individuals and groups. (See social science.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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