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soft

[sawft, soft]
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adjective, soft·er, soft·est.
  1. yielding readily to touch or pressure; easily penetrated, divided, or changed in shape; not hard or stiff: a soft pillow.
  2. relatively deficient in hardness, as metal or wood.
  3. smooth and agreeable to the touch; not rough or coarse: a soft fabric; soft skin.
  4. producing agreeable sensations; pleasant or comfortable: soft slumber.
  5. low or subdued in sound; gentle and melodious: soft music; a soft voice.
  6. not harsh or unpleasant to the eye; not glaring: soft light; a soft color.
  7. not hard or sharp: soft outlines.
  8. gentle or mild: soft breezes.
  9. genial or balmy, as climate or air.
  10. gentle, mild, warm-hearted, or compassionate: a soft, grandmotherly woman.
  11. smooth, soothing, or ingratiating: soft words.
  12. not harsh or severe, as a penalty or demand.
  13. responsive or sympathetic to the feelings, emotions, needs, etc., of others; tender-hearted.
  14. sentimental or flowery, as language: soft, meaningless talk.
  15. not strong or robust; delicate; incapable of great endurance or exertion: He was too soft for the Marines.
  16. Informal. easy; involving little effort; not difficult, laborious, trying, or severe: a soft job.
  17. Informal. easily influenced or swayed; easily imposed upon; impressionable.
  18. lenient, permissive, or conciliatory, especially regarding something that is conceived of as dangerous or threatening: to be soft on Communism.
  19. (of water) relatively free from mineral salts that interfere with the action of soap.
  20. (of paper money or a monetary system) not supported by sufficient gold reserves or not easily convertible into a foreign currency.
  21. (of a market, market condition, or prices) declining in value, volume, profitability, etc.; weak: a soft tourist season.Compare firm1(def 7).
  22. (of money) plentiful or available at low interest rates or on easy terms: a soft loan.
  23. soft-core.
  24. Metallurgy.
    1. (of a metal) easily magnetized and demagnetized.
    2. (of solder) fusing readily.
    3. (of a metal or alloy) fully annealed, so as to provide minimum mechanical hardness.
  25. Photography.
    1. (of a photographic image) having delicate gradations of tone.
    2. (of a focus) lacking in sharpness.
    3. (of a lens) unable to be focused sharply.
  26. Phonetics.
    1. (of consonants) lenis, especially lenis and voiced.
    2. (of c and g) pronounced as in cent and gem.
    3. (of consonants in Slavic languages) palatalized.Compare hard(def 38).
  27. Military. (of a missile-launching base) aboveground and relatively unprotected from enemy attack.
  28. Aerospace. (of a landing of a space vehicle) gentle; not harmful to the vehicle or its contents: a soft landing on the moon.
  29. Physics. (of a beam of particles or electromagnetic radiation) having relatively low energy: soft x-rays.Compare hard(def 40).
  30. (of a delegate, voter, etc.) not committed to any one candidate.
  31. foolish or stupid: soft in the head.
  32. (of a detergent) readily biodegradable.
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noun
  1. something that is soft or yielding; the soft part.
  2. softness.
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adverb
  1. in a soft manner.
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interjection Archaic.
  1. be quiet! hush!
  2. not so fast! stop!
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Idioms
  1. be soft on someone, Informal. to be amorously inclined toward a person; have an affection for: He's been soft on her for years.
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Origin of soft

before 1000; Middle English softe yielding, gentle, mild, Old English sōfte agreeable; cognate with German sanft
Related formssoft·ly, adverbsoft·ness, nouno·ver·soft, adjectiveo·ver·soft·ly, adverbo·ver·soft·ness, nounsu·per·soft, adjectiveul·tra·soft, adjectiveul·tra·soft·ly, adverbul·tra·soft·ness, nounun·soft, adjectiveun·soft·ly, adverbun·soft·ness, noun

Synonyms

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1. pliable, plastic, malleable. 5. mellifluous, dulcet, sweet. 10. tender, sympathetic. 11. mollifying. 15. weak, feeble. 17. compliant, irresolute, submissive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for softness

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • With his whole soul, he marvelled at her softness and relaxation.

    Dust

    Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius

  • The least trace of softness in his voice would, I think, have broken down my temper.

    In the Valley

    Harold Frederic

  • His skin still preserved the softness of his twenty-six years.

    L'Assommoir

    Emile Zola

  • The sun set, the evening was like the softness of springtime.

  • And the immense sheet of water expanded beneath the softness of the sky.

    The Flood

    Emile Zola


British Dictionary definitions for softness

softness

noun
  1. the quality or an instance of being soft
  2. metallurgy the tendency of a metal to distort easilySee brittleness (def. 2), toughness (def. 2)
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soft

adjective
  1. easy to dent, work, or cut without shattering; malleable
  2. not hard; giving little or no resistance to pressure or weight
  3. fine, light, smooth, or fluffy to the touch
  4. gentle; tranquil
  5. (of music, sounds, etc) low and pleasing
  6. (of light, colour, etc) not excessively bright or harsh
  7. (of a breeze, climate, etc) temperate, mild, or pleasant
  8. dialect drizzly or rainya soft day; the weather has turned soft
  9. slightly blurred; not sharply outlinedsoft focus
  10. (of a diet) consisting of easily digestible foods
  11. kind or lenient, often excessively so
  12. easy to influence or impose upon
  13. prepared to compromise; not doctrinairethe soft left
  14. informal feeble or silly; simple (often in the phrase soft in the head)
  15. unable to endure hardship, esp through too much pampering
  16. physically out of condition; flabbysoft muscles
  17. loving; tendersoft words
  18. informal requiring little exertion; easya soft job
  19. chem (of water) relatively free of mineral salts and therefore easily able to make soap lather
  20. (of a drug such as cannabis) nonaddictive or only mildly addictiveCompare hard (def. 19)
  21. (of news coverage) concentrating on trivial stories or those with human interest
  22. phonetics
    1. an older word for lenis
    2. (not in technical usage) denoting the consonants c and g in English when they are pronounced as palatal or alveolar fricatives or affricates (s, / /, / ʃ /, / ð /, / /) before e and i, rather than as velar stops (k, g)
    3. (in the Slavonic languages) palatalized before a front vowel or a special character (soft sign) written as Ь
    1. unprotected against attacka soft target
    2. militaryunarmoured, esp as applied to a truck by comparison with a tank
  23. finance, mainly US (of prices, a market, etc) unstable and tending to decline
  24. (of a currency) in relatively little demand, esp because of a weak balance of payments situation
  25. (of radiation, such as X-rays and ultraviolet radiation) having low energy and not capable of deep penetration of materials
  26. physics (of valves or tubes) only partially evacuated
  27. related to the performance of non-specific, undefinable taskssoft skills such as customer services and office support
  28. soft on or soft about
    1. gentle, sympathetic, or lenient towards
    2. feeling affection or infatuation for
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adverb
  1. in a soft mannerto speak soft
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noun
  1. a soft object, part, or piece
  2. informal See softie
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interjection archaic
  1. quiet!
  2. wait!
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Derived Formssoftly, adverb

Word Origin

Old English sōfte; related to Old Saxon sāfti, Old High German semfti gentle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for softness

n.

Old English softnes "ease, comfort; state of being soft to the touch; luxury;" see soft (adj.) + -ness. Meaning "weakness of character, effeminacy" is from c.1600.

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soft

adj.

Old English softe, earlier sefte, "gentle, mild-natured; easeful, comfortable, calm, undisturbed; luxurious," from West Germanic *samfti, from Proto-Germanic *samftijaz "level, even, smooth, gentle, soft" (cf. Old Saxon safti, Old High German semfti, German sanft; and from a variant form with -ch- for -f-, Middle Dutch sachte, Dutch zacht, German sacht), from root *som- "fitting, agreeable."

From c.1200 of material things, "not stiff, not coarse, fine; yielding to weight." From late 14c. of wind, rain, etc. Of sounds, "quiet, not loud," from early 13c. Of words, "mild, restrained; courteous" mid-14c. From late 14c. as "indulgent," also "physically feeble; easily overcome, lacking manly courage." From 1755 of water ("relatively free from mineral salts"), from 1789 of coal. Meaning "foolish, simple, silly" is attested from 1620s; earlier "easily moved or swayed; soft-hearted, sympathetic; docile" (early 13c.). In reference to drinks, "non-alcoholic" from 1880. As an adverb, Old English softe "gently;" late 13c. as "quietly." As an interjection from 1540s.

Soft landing is from 1958 and the U.S. space program. Adjective soft-core (in reference to pornography) is from 1966 (cf. hardcore). Soft rock as a music style is attested from 1969. Soft sell is from 1955. Soft-shoe as a dancing style is attested from 1927. Soft-boiled is from 1757 of eggs; of persons, ideas, etc., 1930 (cf. half-baked). Soft-focus (adj.) of camera shots is from 1917. The softer sex "women collectively" is from 1640s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with softness

soft

In addition to the idioms beginning with soft

also see:

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.