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solute

[sol-yoot, soh-loot] /ˈsɒl yut, ˈsoʊ lut/
noun
1.
the substance dissolved in a given solution.
Origin of solute
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin solūtus, past participle of solvere to loosen, dissolve. See solve
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for solute
Historical Examples
  • As has already been emphasized, a distinction between solvent and solute is merely conventional (p. 93).

  • Let n be the total number of molecules of the solute, and n″ the number of dissociated molecules.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • Before solution the solute or dissolved substance may be solid, liquid, or gaseous.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • As a rule a membrane is much more permeable to a solute whose molecule is of small dimensions.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • A true solution is also a suspension of the molecules of the solute.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • The liquid in which the substance dissolves is called the solvent, while the dissolved substance is called the solute.

  • Like the gaseous molecules, the molecules of a solute are mobile with respect to one another.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • Osmotic pressure is in fact the gaseous pressure of the molecules of the solute.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • (b) The weight of solute present in 100 grammes of the solution.

    The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc
  • If the solute dissociates into ions, the reason for this becomes clear.

British Dictionary definitions for solute

solute

/sɒˈljuːt/
noun
1.
the component of a solution that changes its state in forming the solution or the component that is not present in excess; the substance that is dissolved in another substance Compare solvent
adjective
2.
(botany, rare) loose or unattached; free
Word Origin
C16: from Latin solūtus free, unfettered, from solvere to release
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for solute
adj.

1890, "dissolved," from Latin solutus, past participle of solvere (see solve). In botany, "free, not adhering" (1760).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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solute in Medicine

solute sol·ute (sŏl'yōōt, sō'lōōt)
n.
A substance dissolved in another substance, usually the component of a solution present in the lesser amount.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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solute in Science
solute
  (sŏl'yt)   
A substance that is dissolved in another substance (a solvent), forming a solution.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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