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soy

[soi]
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noun
  1. soy sauce.
  2. the soybean.

Origin of soy

1690–1700; perhaps via Dutch or New Latin < Japanese shōyu, earlier shaũyu < Middle Chinese, equivalent to Chinese jìngyóu soybean oil
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Word Origin and History for soy

n.

1670s, saio "soybean-based Asian fish sauce," from Dutch soya, from Japanese soyu, variant of shoyu "soy," from Chinese shi-yu, from shi "fermented soy beans" + yu "oil." Etymology reflects Dutch presence in Japan before English and American merchants began to trade there.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper