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spar1

[spahr] /spɑr/
noun
1.
Nautical. a stout pole such as those used for masts, etc.; a mast, yard, boom, gaff, or the like.
2.
Aeronautics. a principal lateral member of the framework of a wing of an airplane.
verb (used with object), sparred, sparring.
3.
to provide or make with spars.
Origin of spar1
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English sparre (noun); cognate with German Sparren, Dutch spar, Old Norse sparri
Related forms
sparlike, adjective

spar2

[spahr] /spɑr/
verb (used without object), sparred, sparring.
1.
(of boxers) to make the motions of attack and defense with the arms and fists, especially as a part of training.
2.
to box, especially with light blows.
3.
to strike or attack with the feet or spurs, as gamecocks do.
4.
to bandy words; dispute.
noun
5.
a motion of sparring.
6.
a boxing match.
7.
a dispute.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English: orig., thrust (noun and v.); perhaps akin to spur1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for sparred
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It had only one sparred window, and there was a garden behind; but how was I to get out?

    The Life of Mansie Wauch David Macbeth Moir
  • They sparred at each other, and one of them was hit lightly upon the chest.

    A Room With A View E. M. Forster
  • They sparred for a minute longer, and then the giant had his chance.

    Robin Hood Paul Creswick
  • He sparred with some caution, twitching the cheek next the cut.

    Tales of Mean Streets Arthur Morrison
  • It was to be a fight, and the two men now faced each other and sparred for an opening.

    Tales of South Africa H.A. Bryden
British Dictionary definitions for sparred

spar1

/spɑː/
noun
1.
  1. any piece of nautical gear resembling a pole and used as a mast, boom, gaff, etc
  2. (as modifier): a spar buoy
2.
a principal supporting structural member of an aerofoil that runs from tip to tip or root to tip
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse sperra beam; related to Old High German sparro, Old French esparre

spar2

/spɑː/
verb (intransitive) spars, sparring, sparred
1.
(boxing, martial arts) to fight using light blows, as in training
2.
to dispute or argue
3.
(of gamecocks) to fight with the feet or spurs
noun
4.
an unaggressive fight
5.
an argument or wrangle
6.
(informal) a close friend
Word Origin
Old English, perhaps from spur

spar3

/spɑː/
noun
1.
any of various minerals, such as feldspar or calcite, that are light-coloured, microcrystalline, transparent to translucent, and easily cleavable related adjective spathic
Word Origin
C16: from Middle Low German spar; related to Old English spærstān; see feldspar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sparred

spar

n.1

"stout pole," c.1300, "rafter," from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch sparre, from Proto-Germanic *sparron (cf. Old English *spere "spear, lance," Old Norse sperra "rafter, beam"), from PIE root *sper- "spear, pole" (see spear (n.1)). Nautical use dates from 1640. Also borrowed in Old French as esparre, which may have been the direct source of the English word.

spar

v

"to box," c.1400, "to strike or thrust," perhaps from Middle French esparer "to kick," from Italian sparare "to fling," from Latin ex- (see ex-) + parare "make ready, prepare," hence "ward off, parry" (see pare). Used in 17c. in reference to preliminary actions in a cock fight; figurative sense of "to dispute, bandy with words" is from 1690s. Extension to humans, with meaning "to engage in or practice boxing" is attested from 1755. Related: Sparred; sparring.

spar

n.2

"shiny mineral that splits easily," 1580s, from Low German Spar, from Middle Low German *spar, sper, cognate with Old English spær- in spærstan "gypsum."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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