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sparteine

[spahr-tee-een, -in]
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noun
  1. a bitter, poisonous, liquid alkaloid obtained from certain species of broom, especially Cytisus scoparius, used in medicine to stimulate the heart and also the uterine muscles in childbirth.

Origin of sparteine

1850–55; irregular < New Latin Sparti(um) name of a genus of broom (< Greek spárt(os) kind of broom + New Latin -ium -ium) + -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sparteine

Historical Examples

  • Sparteine neutralises acids fully, but the oxalate is the only one which can be readily obtained in crystals.

    Poisons: Their Effects and Detection

    Alexander Wynter Blyth


British Dictionary definitions for sparteine

sparteine

noun
  1. a viscous oily alkaloid extracted from the broom plant and lupin seeds. It has been used in medicine to treat heart arrhythmias

Word Origin

C19: from New Latin Spartium, from Greek spartos broom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012