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spend

[spend]
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verb (used with object), spent, spend·ing.
  1. to pay out, disburse, or expend; dispose of (money, wealth, resources, etc.): resisting the temptation to spend one's money.
  2. to employ (labor, thought, words, time, etc.), as on some object or in some proceeding: Don't spend much time on it.
  3. to pass (time) in a particular manner, place, etc.: We spent a few days in Baltimore.
  4. to use up, consume, or exhaust: The storm had spent its fury.
  5. to give (one's blood, life, etc.) for some cause.
verb (used without object), spent, spend·ing.
  1. to spend money, energy, time, etc.
  2. Obsolete. to be consumed or exhausted.

Origin of spend

1125–75; Middle English spenden, continuing Old English -spendan (in āspendan, forspendan to spend entirely or utterly) < West Germanic < Latin expendere to pay out, expend; compare German spenden
Related formsan·ti·spend·ing, adjectiveun·der·spend, verb, un·der·spent, un·der·spend·ing.un·spend·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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1. Spend, disburse, expend, squander refer to paying out money. Spend is the general word: We spend more for living expenses now. Disburse implies expending from a specific source or sum to meet specific obligations, or paying in definite allotments: The treasurer has authority to disburse funds. Expend is more formal, and implies spending for some definite and (usually) sensible or worthy object: to expend most of one's salary on necessities. Squander suggests lavish, wasteful, or foolish expenditure: to squander a legacy. 2. use, apply, devote.

Antonyms

1. earn, keep.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for spends

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Say, Myrtle, on the dead, he spends money just like a young Jew trying to be white!

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • I think he spends hours in that boat, and what he does I can't conceive.

    Malbone

    Thomas Wentworth Higginson

  • Every woman has money of her own, and spends it for jewelry.

  • And when your husband earns anything he spends it in drink, I suppose?

  • She spends some time in her own house, but is often away visiting other Temples.

    Lotus Buds

    Amy Carmichael


British Dictionary definitions for spends

spends

pl n
  1. Lancashire dialect a child's pocket money

spend

verb spends, spending or spent
  1. to pay out (money, wealth, etc)
  2. (tr) to concentrate (time, effort, thought, etc) upon an object, activity, etc
  3. (tr) to pass (time) in a specific way, activity, place, etc
  4. (tr) to use up completelythe hurricane spent its force
  5. (tr) to give up (one's blood, life, etc) in a cause
  6. (intr) obsolete to be used up or exhausted
  7. spend a penny British informal to urinate
noun
  1. an amount of money spent, esp regularly, or allocated to be spent
See also spends
Derived Formsspendable, adjective

Word Origin

Old English spendan, from Latin expendere; influenced also by Old French despendre to spend, from Latin dispendere; see expend, dispense
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for spends

spend

v.

"to pay out or away" (money or wealth), Old English -spendan (in forspendan "use up"), from Latin expendere "to weigh out money, pay down" (see expend). A general Germanic borrowing (cf. Old High German spendon, German and Middle Dutch spenden, Old Norse spenna). In reference to labor, thoughts, time, etc., attested from c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with spends

spend

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.