Nevertheless, the triumph of West Coast spiritualism over East Coast secularism has civilization-wide implications.
All three were anxious," Gray writes, "that the rise of spiritualism would block the advance of scientific materialism.
It passes from apparent atheism and materialism to theism, polytheism, and spiritualism.
He's going crazy over his spiritualism and forgets everything else.
The general opinion everywhere, where the wish was not the opposite, was that spiritualism as such had received its death-blow.
I am allowing the absurdity of spiritualism to get the better of my reason.
And what I may have to say about what is called spiritualism will reflect actual observations.
This gave her at first the idea that spiritualism was a fraud.
The miracles are believed in by many, but spiritualism lags far behind the Mormon theology, and probably always will do.
He was the editor of the leading London organ of spiritualism.