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spoke1

[spohk]
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verb
  1. a simple past tense of speak.
  2. Nonstandard. a past participle of speak.
  3. Archaic. a past participle of speak.

spoke2

[spohk]
noun
  1. one of the bars, rods, or rungs radiating from the hub or nave of a wheel and supporting the rim or felloe.
  2. something that resembles the spoke of a wheel.
  3. a handlelike projection from the rim of a wheel, as a ship's steering wheel.
  4. a rung of a ladder.
verb (used with object), spoked, spok·ing.
  1. to fit or furnish with or as with spokes.

Origin of spoke2

before 900; Middle English; Old English spāca; cognate with Dutch speek, German Speiche
Related formsspoke·less, adjective

speak

[speek]
verb (used without object), spoke or (Archaic) spake; spo·ken or (Archaic) spoke; speak·ing.
  1. to utter words or articulate sounds with the ordinary voice; talk: He was too ill to speak.
  2. to communicate vocally; mention: to speak to a person about various matters.
  3. to converse: She spoke with him for an hour.
  4. to deliver an address, discourse, etc.: to speak at a meeting.
  5. to make a statement in written or printed words.
  6. to communicate, signify, or disclose by any means; convey significance.
  7. Phonetics. to produce sounds or audible sequences of individual or concatenated sounds of a language, especially through phonation, amplification, and resonance, and through any of a variety of articulatory processes.
  8. (of a computer) to express data or other information audibly by means of an audio response unit.
  9. to emit a sound, as a musical instrument; make a noise or report.
  10. Chiefly British. (of dogs) to bark when ordered.
  11. Fox Hunting. (of a hound or pack) to bay on finding a scent.
verb (used with object), spoke or (Archaic) spake; spo·ken or (Archaic) spoke; speak·ing.
  1. to utter vocally and articulately: to speak words of praise.
  2. to express or make known with the voice: to speak the truth.
  3. to declare in writing or printing, or by any means of communication.
  4. to make known, indicate, or reveal.
  5. to use, or be able to use, in oral utterance, as a language: to speak French.
  6. (of a computer) to express or make known (data, prompts, etc.) by means of an audio response unit.
  7. Nautical. to communicate with (a passing vessel) at sea, as by voice or signal: We spoke a whaler on the fourth day at sea.
  8. Archaic. to speak to or with.
Verb Phrases
  1. speak for,
    1. to intercede for or recommend; speak in behalf of.
    2. to express or articulate the views of; represent.
    3. to choose or prefer; have reserved for oneself: This item is already spoken for.
  2. speak out, to express one's opinion openly and unreservedly: He was not afraid to speak out when it was something he believed in strongly.
Idioms
  1. so to speak, to use a manner of speaking; figuratively speaking: We still don't have our heads above water, so to speak.
  2. speak by the book, to say with great authority or precision: I can't speak by the book, but I know this is wrong.
  3. speak well for, to be an indication or reflection of (something commendable); testify admirably to: Her manners speak well for her upbringing.
  4. to speak of, worth mentioning: The country has no mineral resources to speak of.

Origin of speak

before 900; Middle English speken, Old English specan, variant of sprecan; cognate with German sprechen (Old High German sprehhan; compare variant spehhan)
Related formsspeak·a·ble, adjectivespeak·a·ble·ness, nounspeak·a·bly, adverb

Synonyms

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. Speak, converse, talk mean to make vocal sounds, usually for purposes of communication. To speak often implies conveying information and may apply to anything from an informal remark to a scholarly presentation to a formal address: to speak sharply; to speak before Congress. To converse is to exchange ideas with someone by speaking: to converse with a friend. To talk is a close synonym for to speak but usually refers to less formal situations: to talk about the weather; to talk with a friend. 12. pronounce, articulate. 13. say. 15. disclose.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for spoke

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • As she spoke, Geta lifted the curtain, and Philothea instantly obeyed the signal.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • A second and a third time the Ethiopian touched him with his wand, and spoke in whispers.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • I spoke to Philothea just as I used to do; without remembering that she had died.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • From the first moment you spoke, I have felt this mysterious power.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • He arose, as he spoke, and reverently placed the chaplet on the head of Plato.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child


British Dictionary definitions for spoke

spoke1

verb
  1. the past tense of speak
  2. archaic, or dialect a past participle of speak

spoke2

noun
  1. a radial member of a wheel, joining the hub to the rim
  2. a radial projection from the rim of a wheel, as in a ship's wheel
  3. a rung of a ladder
  4. put a spoke in someone's wheel British to thwart someone's plans
verb
  1. (tr) to equip with or as if with spokes

Word Origin

Old English spāca

speak

verb speaks, speaking, spoke or spoken
  1. to make (verbal utterances); utter (words)
  2. to communicate or express (something) in or as if in wordsI speak the truth
  3. (intr) to deliver a speech, discourse, etc
  4. (tr) to know how to talk in (a language or dialect)he does not speak German
  5. (intr) to make a characteristic soundthe clock spoke
  6. (intr) (of dogs, esp hounds used in hunting) to give tongue; bark
  7. (tr) nautical to hail and converse or communicate with (another vessel) at sea
  8. (intr) (of a musical instrument) to produce a sound
  9. (intr foll by for) to be a representative or advocate (of)he speaks for all the members
  10. on speaking terms on good terms; friendly
  11. so to speak in a manner of speaking; as it were
  12. speak one's mind to express one's opinions frankly and plainly
  13. to speak of of a significant or worthwhile naturewe have had no support to speak of
Derived Formsspeakable, adjective

Word Origin

Old English specan; related to Old High German spehhan, Middle High German spechten to gossip, Middle Dutch speken; see speech
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for spoke

n.

(of a wheel), Old English spaca "spoke," related to spicing "large nail," from Proto-Germanic *spaikon (cf. Old Saxon speca, Old Frisian spake, Dutch spaak, Old High German speicha, German speiche "spoke"), probably from PIE *spei- "sharp point" (see spike (n.1)).

speak

v.

Old English specan, variant of sprecan "to speak" (class V strong verb; past tense spræc, past participle sprecen), from Proto-Germanic *sprekanan (cf. Old Saxon sprecan, Old Frisian spreka, Middle Dutch spreken, Old High German sprehhan, German sprechen "to speak," Old Norse spraki "rumor, report"), cognate with Latin spargere "to strew" (speech as a "scattering" of words; see sparse).

The -r- began to drop out in Late West Saxon and was gone by mid-12c., perhaps from influence of Danish spage "crackle," in a slang sense of "speak" (cf. crack in slang senses having to do with speech, e.g. wisecrack, cracker, all it's cracked up to be). Rare variant forms without -r- also are found in Middle Dutch (speken) and Old High German (spehhan).

Not the primary word for "to speak" in Old English (the "Beowulf" author prefers maþelian, from mæþel "assembly, council," from root of metan "to meet;" cf. Greek agoreuo "to speak," originally "speak in the assembly," from agora "assembly").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with spoke

spoke

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

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