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sprain

[spreyn] /spreɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to overstrain or wrench (the ligaments of an ankle, wrist, or other joint) so as to injure without fracture or dislocation.
noun
2.
a violent straining or wrenching of the parts around a joint, without dislocation.
3.
the condition of being sprained.
Origin of sprain
1595-1605
First recorded in 1595-1605; origin uncertain
Related forms
unsprained, adjective
Synonyms
1. twist. See strain1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for sprain

sprain

/spreɪn/
verb
1.
(transitive) to injure (a joint) by a sudden twisting or wrenching of its ligaments
noun
2.
the resulting injury to such a joint, characterized by swelling and temporary disability
Word Origin
C17: of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sprain
n.

c.1600, of uncertain origin. The verb is attested from 1620s. A connection has been suggested to Middle French espraindre "to press out," from Latin exprimere, but the sense evolution is difficult.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sprain in Medicine

sprain (sprān)
n.
An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than its normal range without dislocation or fracture. v. sprained, sprain·ing, sprains
To cause a sprain to a joint or ligament.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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8
10
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