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[spring-feeld] /ˈsprɪŋˌfild/
a city in S Massachusetts, on the Connecticut River.
a city in SW Missouri.
a city in and the capital of Illinois, in the central part.
a city in W Ohio.
a city in W Oregon.
a town in SE Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia.
a town in N Tennessee.
a town in SE Vermont.


[il-uh-noi or, sometimes, -noiz] /ˌɪl əˈnɔɪ or, sometimes, -ˈnɔɪz/
a state in the central United States: a part of the Midwest. 56,400 sq. mi. (146,075 sq. km).
Capital: Springfield.
Abbreviation: IL (for use with zip code), Ill.
a river flowing SW from NE Illinois to the Mississippi River: connected by a canal with Lake Michigan. 273 miles (440 km) long.
Pronunciation note
The pronunciation of Illinois with a final [z] /z/ (Show IPA) which occurs chiefly among less educated speakers, is least common in Illinois itself, increasing in frequency as distance from the state increases. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Springfield
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Springfield had a church, and a school, and a post office, and a tavern.

    The Hunted Outlaw Anonymous
  • We had just enough time to get to the station, where the train was ready to take me to Springfield.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • Springfield at that time had barely thirty thousand inhabitants.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • During the day I passed at Springfield I called at a gunsmith's to purchase a rifle.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • Such a crisis as this nation has now, Springfield, Massachusetts, had once.

    The Ghost in the White House Gerald Stanley Lee
British Dictionary definitions for Springfield


a city in S Massachusetts, on the Connecticut River: the site of the US arsenal and armoury (1794–1968), which developed the Springfield and Garand rifles. Pop: 152 157 (2003 est)
a city in SW Missouri. Pop: 150 867 (2003 est)
a city in central Illinois, capital of the state: the home and burial place of Abraham Lincoln. Pop: 113 586 (2003 est)


a state of the N central US, in the Midwest: consists of level prairie crossed by the Illinois and Kaskaskia Rivers; mainly agricultural. Capital: Springfield. Pop: 12 653 544 (2003 est). Area: 144 858 sq km (55 930 sq miles) Abbreviation Ill., (with zip code) IL
a river in Illinois, flowing SW to the Mississippi. Length: 439 km (273 miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Springfield

type of firearm, 1813, named for the U.S. government armory in Springfield, Mass.


U.S. territory created 1809; name is from a native Algonquian people who called themselves Inoca (1725), also written Ilinouek, Old Ottawa for "ordinary speaker." The modern form represents a 17c. French spelling, pronounced "ilinwe" at that time. Admitted as a state 1818.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Springfield in Culture
Illinois [(il-uh-noy)]

State in the north-central United States bordered on the north by Wisconsin, the east by Indiana, the south by Kentucky, and the west by Missouri and Iowa. Its capital is Springfield, and its largest city is Chicago.

Note: Known as the “Land of Lincoln” because Abraham Lincoln began his political career there.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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