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[sprint] /sprɪnt/
verb (used without object)
to race or move at full speed, especially for a short distance, as in running, rowing, etc.
verb (used with object)
to traverse in sprinting:
to sprint a half mile.
a short race at full speed.
a burst of speed at any point during a long race, as near the finish line.
a brief spell of great activity.
Origin of sprint
1560-70; perhaps continuing Old English *sprintan (compare gesprintan to emit); cognate with Old Norse spretta, Old High German sprinzan to jump up
Related forms
sprinter, noun
outsprint, verb (used with object) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for sprinter
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • "You're more of a sprinter than a shooter, if I'm any judge," said Locke.

    Isle o' Dreams Frederick F. Moore
  • In this play he had to move and he proved he was no sprinter.

    Nat Goodwin's Book Nat C. Goodwin
  • Ten to one now they haven't got as fast a sprinter as our long legged Colon in their whole school.

    Fred Fenton on the Track Allen Chapman
  • A sprinter may get into the Big League and never steal a base.

    Pitching in a Pinch Christy Mathewson
  • Emetic was the fastest sprinter there that day; a sprinter, not a stayer.

    Garrison's Finish W. B. M. Ferguson
  • Then the gravity that had suddenly perplexed Ken cleared from the sprinter's face.

    The Young Pitcher Zane Grey
  • It was all very well to tell him to gallop along at a livelier clip; but Nature had never intended Nick Longfellow for a sprinter.

  • Oh, he is a sprinter, and it is plain he knows how to steal bases.

    Frank Merriwell at Yale Burt L. Standish
  • Hugh explained that he did not smoke, that he was a sprinter and that the coaches said that cigarettes were bad for a runner.

    The Plastic Age Percy Marks
British Dictionary definitions for sprinter


(athletics) a short race run at top speed, such as the 100 metres
a fast finishing speed at the end of a longer race, as in running or cycling, etc
any quick run
verb (intransitive)
to go at top speed, as in running, cycling, etc
Derived Forms
sprinter, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Scandinavian; related to Old English gesprintan to emit, Old Norse spretta to jump up, Old High German sprinzan to jump up, Swedish sprata to kick
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sprinter



1560s, "to spring, dart," from Old Norse spretta "to jump up." Meaning "to run a short distance at full speed" first recorded 1871. Related: Sprinted; sprinting.


1865, from sprint (v.).



1865, from sprint (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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