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[spurj] /spɜrdʒ/
any of numerous plants of the genus Euphorbia, having a milky juice and flowers with no petals or sepals.
Compare spurge family.
Origin of spurge
1350-1400; Middle English < Middle French espurge, noun derivative of espurgier to cleanse < Latin expurgāre. See ex-1, purge Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for spurge


any of various euphorbiaceous plants of the genus Euphorbia that have milky sap and small flowers typically surrounded by conspicuous bracts. Some species have purgative properties
Word Origin
C14: from Old French espurge, from espurgier to purge, from Latin expurgāre to cleanse, from ex-1 + purgāre to purge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spurge

plant species, late 14c., from Old French espurge, from espurgier "to purge," from Latin expurgare, from ex- "out" (see ex-) + purgare "to purge" (see purge). So called from the plant's purgative properties.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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