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Sri Lanka

[sree lahng-kuh, lang-kuh, shree] /ˌsri ˈlɑŋ kə, ˈlæŋ kə, ˌʃri/
an island republic in the Indian Ocean, S of India: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 25,332 sq. mi. (65,610 sq. km).
Capital: Colombo.
Formerly Ceylon.
Arabic Serendip.
Related forms
Sri Lankan, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for sri lankan

Sri Lankan

/ˌsriː ˈlæŋkən/
of or relating to Sri Lanka or its inhabitants
a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

/ˌsriː ˈlæŋkə/
a republic in S Asia, occupying the island of Ceylon: settled by the Sinhalese from S India in about 550 bc; became a British colony 1802; gained independence in 1948, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth in 1972. Exports include tea, cocoa, cinnamon, and copra. Official languages: Sinhalese and Tamil; English is also widely spoken. Religion: Hinayana Buddhist majority. Currency: Sri Lanka rupee. Capital: Colombo (administrative), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative). Parts of the coast suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 21 675 648 (2013 est). Area: 65 610 sq km (25 332 sq miles) Official name (since 1978) Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Former name (until 1972) Ceylon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sri lankan

Sri Lanka

large island southeast of India (known in English until 1972 as Ceylon), from Lanka, older name for the island and its chief city + Sanskrit sri "beauty" (especially of divinities, kings, heroes, etc.), also an honorific prefix to proper names, from PIE root *kreie- "to be outstanding, brilliant, masterly, beautiful" (cf. Greek kreon "lord, master").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sri lankan in Culture
Sri Lanka [(sree lahng-kuh)]

Formerly Ceylon, now an island republic in the Indian Ocean just southeast of India.

Note: A British colony since 1796, the island became independent in 1948.
Note: Marked by hostility between its Buddhist Sinalese majority and Hindu Tamil minority (see Buddhism and Hinduism).
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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