- a wooden or metal form in the shape of the human foot on which boots or shoes are shaped or repaired.
- the shape or form of a shoe.
- to shape on or fit to a last.
- stick to one's last, to keep to that work, field, etc., in which one is competent or skilled.
Origin of last3
- being, happening, or coming at the end or after all othersthe last horse in the race
- being or occurring just before the present; most recentlast Thursday
- last but not least coming last in order but nevertheless important
- last but one next to last
- only remainingone's last cigarette
- most extreme; utmost
- least suitable, appropriate, or likelyhe was the last person I would have chosen
- (esp relating to the end of a person's life or of the world)
- final or ultimatelast rites
- (capital)the Last Judgment
- (postpositive) Liverpool dialect inferior, unpleasant, or contemptiblethis ale is last
- after all others; at or in the endhe came last
- most recentlyhe was last seen in the mountains
- (in combination)last-mentioned
- (sentence modifier) as the last or latest item
- the last
- a person or thing that is last
- the final moment; end
- one's last moments before death
- the last thing a person can do (esp in the phrase breathe one's last)
- the final appearance, mention, or occurrencewe've seen the last of him
- at last in the end; finally
- at long last finally, after difficulty, delay, or irritation
- (when intr, often foll by for) to remain in being (for a length of time); continuehis hatred lasted for several years
- to be sufficient for the needs of (a person) for (a length of time)it will last us until Friday
- (when intr, often foll by for) to remain fresh, uninjured, or unaltered (for a certain time or duration)he lasted for three hours underground
- the wooden or metal form on which a shoe or boot is fashioned or repaired
- (tr) to fit (a shoe or boot) on a last
- a unit of weight or capacity having various values in different places and for different commodities. Commonly used values are 2 tons, 2000 pounds, 80 bushels, or 640 gallons
Word Origin and History for stick to one's last
"following all others," from Old English latost (adj.) and lætest (adv.), superlative of læt (see late). Cognate with Old Frisian lest, Dutch laatst, Old High German laggost, German letzt. Meaning "most recent" is from c.1200. The noun, "last person or thing," is c.1200, from the adjective. Last hurrah is from the title of Edwin O'Connor's 1956 novel. Last word "final, definitive statement" is from 1650s. A dying person's last words so called by 1740. As an adjective, last-minute attested from 1913. Last-chance (adj.) is from 1962.
"endure, go on existing," from Old English læstan "to continue, endure," earlier "accomplish, carry out," literally "to follow a track," from Proto-Germanic *laistjan "to follow a track" (cf. Gothic laistjan "to follow," Old Frisian lasta "to fulfill, to pay (duties)," German leisten "to perform, achieve, afford"), from PIE *leis- "track, furrow."
Related to last (n.), not to last (adj.). Related: Lasted; lasting.
"shoemaker's block," from Old English læste, from last "track, footprint, trace," from Proto-Germanic *laist- (cf. Old Norse leistr "the foot," Middle Dutch, Dutch leest "form, model, last," Old High German leist "track, footprint," German Leisten "last," Gothic laistjan "to follow," Old English læran "to teach"); see last (v.).
Idioms and Phrases with stick to one's last
stick to one's last
Keep to what you know and don't interfere out of your province, as in Let me handle the defense in this suit; you stick to your last and track down more eyewitnesses. This adage comes from an ancient story about a shoemaker criticizing a work by a Greek painter named Apelles, saying that the shoe in the picture was not correctly portrayed. After the painter corrected it, the shoemaker pointed out an error in the leg, whereupon the painter said, “Shoemaker, do not go above your last.” Over the centuries the story was repeated, and the expression still is sometimes put as cobbler, stick to your last, even though cobblers are nearly obsolete.
In addition to the idioms beginning with last
- last analysis
- last but not least
- last fling
- last gasp
- last laugh, have the
- last resort
- last straw, the
- last word, the