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[sturps] /stɜrps/
noun, plural stirpes
[stur-peez] /ˈstɜr piz/ (Show IPA)
a stock; family or branch of a family; line of descent.
Law. a person from whom a family is descended.
Biology Now Rare. a family, superfamily, or permanent variety.
Origin of stirps
1675-85; < Latin: rootstock, trunk

per stirpes

[pur stur-peez, per] /pɜr ˈstɜr piz, pər/
adjective, adverb, Law.
pertaining to or noting a method of dividing an estate in which the descendants of a deceased person share as a group in the portion of the estate to which the deceased would have been entitled.
Compare per capita (def 2).
First recorded in 1675-85, per stirpes is from the Latin word per stirpēs literally, by stocks Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for stirpes


noun (pl) stirpes (ˈstɜːpiːz)
(genealogy) a line of descendants from an ancestor; stock or strain
(botany) a race or variety, esp one in which the characters are maintained by cultivation
Word Origin
C17: from Latin: root, family origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stirpes

plural of stirps, Latin, literally "stem, stalk."

per stirpes

Latin, "by families, by stocks;" in legal use, for inheritances, etc., opposed to per capita.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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