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[strahyv] /straɪv/
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven
[striv-uh n] /ˈstrɪv ən/ (Show IPA)
or strived, striving.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard:
He strove to make himself understood.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal:
to strive for success.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance:
to strive against fate.
to rival; vie.
Origin of strive
1175-1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive
Related forms
striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective
1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for striven
Historical Examples
  • He, too, had striven to wrest the treasure from the stone by driving a tunnel into the cliff.

  • "She whom many Giants have striven to gain—Freya, for my wife," said Thrym.

    The Children of Odin Padraic Colum
  • Money which is striven for brings with it the real qualities in life.

    Success (Second Edition) Max Aitken Beaverbrook
  • He has striven, in all ways, to associate her with his present high fortune.

  • Men have striven in vain to develop the secrets which lie hidden in the sea.

    Jack in the Forecastle John Sherburne Sleeper
  • I have striven to the last, but Fate has been against me from the first.

    Fix Bay'nets George Manville Fenn
  • From the very inception of this organization it has striven to encourage the use of light tackle by all anglers.

  • We have seen how Adela, who felt for him, had striven in vain.

    The Bertrams Anthony Trollope
  • She had striven hard not to acknowledge anything, even to Ayala,—even to herself.

    Ayala's Angel Anthony Trollope
  • He had striven for the best, but somehow things had turned out for the worst.

    The Hero of Garside School J. Harwood Panting
British Dictionary definitions for striven


verb strives, striving, strove, striven (ˈstrɪvən)
(may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort: to strive to get promotion
(intransitive) to fight; contend
Derived Forms
striver, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for striven



c.1200, from Old French estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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