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[strahyv] /straɪv/
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven
[striv-uh n] /ˈstrɪv ən/ (Show IPA)
or strived, striving.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard:
He strove to make himself understood.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal:
to strive for success.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance:
to strive against fate.
to rival; vie.
Origin of strive
1175-1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive
Related forms
striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective
1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for striven
Historical Examples
  • It was the law that had worked the ruin of her life, which she had striven to make wholesome.

    Within the Law Marvin Dana
  • Since then, he had striven to obtain another interview with his bride, but she had refused him.

    Within the Law Marvin Dana
  • He had striven to the point when further strife became a crime.

    Thoroughbreds W. A. Fraser
  • They had striven, all the previous day, to rescue Barnaby from his impending fate.

    Barnaby Rudge Charles Dickens
  • And he—he had striven to delegate to others the burden he was meant to bear.

    A Spirit in Prison Robert Hichens
  • I have always obeyed you; I have ever striven to do my duty.

    The Night Riders Ridgwell Cullum
  • I have striven to forget that I was ever afflicted in being the parent of such a child.

    Adrift on the Pacific Edward S. Ellis
  • I have striven so long for strength to endure—all that has been given me to endure!

    The Genius

    Margaret Horton Potter
  • But in everything he had striven to gratify her, and had been altogether successful.

    Kept in the Dark

    Anthony Trollope
  • I will confess to you what I have striven in vain to disguise.

    Despair's Last Journey David Christie Murray
British Dictionary definitions for striven


verb strives, striving, strove, striven (ˈstrɪvən)
(may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort: to strive to get promotion
(intransitive) to fight; contend
Derived Forms
striver, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for striven



c.1200, from Old French estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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