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[strohv] /stroʊv/
simple past tense of strive.


[strahyv] /straɪv/
verb (used without object), strove or strived, striven
[striv-uh n] /ˈstrɪv ən/ (Show IPA)
or strived, striving.
to exert oneself vigorously; try hard:
He strove to make himself understood.
to make strenuous efforts toward any goal:
to strive for success.
to contend in opposition, battle, or any conflict; compete.
to struggle vigorously, as in opposition or resistance:
to strive against fate.
to rival; vie.
Origin of strive
1175-1225; Middle English striven < Old French estriver to quarrel, compete, strive < Germanic; compare obsolete Dutch strijven, German streben to strive
Related forms
striver, noun
strivingly, adverb
interstrive, verb (used without object), interstrove, interstriven, interstriving.
outstrive, verb (used with object), outstrove, outstriven, outstriving.
overstrive, verb (used without object), overstrove, overstriven, overstriving.
restrive, verb (used without object), restrove, restriven, restriving.
unstriving, adjective
1. See try. 2. toil. 3. struggle, fight. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for strove
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • In the meantime he strove hard to reconcile the antagonists.

  • Beecot shook his head and strove to dissuade her from entertaining this idea.

    The Opal Serpent Fergus Hume
  • With the Pope, accordingly, Henry strove to set himself right.

    Odd Bits of History Henry W. Wolff
  • Then it strove to draw down to the depths of the ocean the boat of those who had hooked it.

    The Children of Odin Padraic Colum
  • Every one strove who should most express his esteem of the amiable accused.

    Caleb Williams William Godwin
  • He strove hard to draw out the sword, but all his might could not move it.

    The Children of Odin Padraic Colum
  • I strove to minister consolation and inspire him with hope, but in vain.

    Jack in the Forecastle John Sherburne Sleeper
  • It moved, it swam, it thrashed about, and ever it strove to escape from the surface of the ocean.

British Dictionary definitions for strove


the past tense of strive


verb strives, striving, strove, striven (ˈstrɪvən)
(may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make a great and tenacious effort: to strive to get promotion
(intransitive) to fight; contend
Derived Forms
striver, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French estriver, of Germanic origin; related to Middle High German streben to strive, Old Norse strītha to fight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for strove



c.1200, from Old French estriver "to quarrel, dispute," from estrif, estrit "quarrel" (see strife). It became a strong verb (past tense strove) by rhyming association with drive, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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