- the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration: Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society.
- the form or system of rule by which a state, community, etc., is governed: monarchical government; episcopal government.
- the governing body of persons in a state, community, etc.; administration.
- a branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole: a dam built by the government.
- (in some parliamentary systems, as that of the United Kingdom)
- the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time: The prime minister has formed a new government.
- the parliament along with the cabinet: The government has fallen.
- direction; control; management; rule: the government of one's conduct.
- a district governed; province.
- political science.
- Grammar. the extablished usage that requires that one word in a sentence should cause another to be of a particular form: the government of the verb by its subject.
Origin of government
- the exercise of political authority over the actions, affairs, etc, of a political unit, people, etc, as well as the performance of certain functions for this unit or body; the action of governing; political rule and administration
- the system or form by which a community, etc, is ruledtyrannical government
- the executive policy-making body of a political unit, community, etc; ministry or administrationyesterday we got a new government
- (capital when of a specific country)the British Government
- the state and its administrationblame it on the government
- (as modifier)a government agency
- regulation; direction
- grammar the determination of the form of one word by another word
Word Origin and History for sub-government
late 14c., "act of governing or ruling;" 1550s, "system by which a thing is governed" (especially a state), from Old French governement (Modern French gouvernement), from governer (see govern). Replaced Middle English governance. Meaning "governing power" in a given place is from 1702.