A subcaste of Agaria, who place a stone on the mouth of the bellows to fix them in the ground for smelting iron.
In this subcaste the bridegroom goes to the wedding in a cart and not on horseback or in a litter as among some castes.
A subcaste of Bania, whose name is derived from the same place.
Pardeshi or foreign, and Pūrabia or eastern, are also subcaste names for groups coming from northern India or Oudh.
The subcaste or commensal group was the direct evolutionary product of the pre-existing tribe.
The caste or subcaste forms the outer circle within which a man must marry.
The members of this subcaste mark the forehead of the bride with tel or oil at the marriage ceremony.
This apparently consisted of a collection of gentes, γένη, or clans, and would correspond roughly to a Hindu subcaste.
Of the whole caste 84 per cent are Kabīrpanthis and these form one subcaste; but there are a few others.
The Glossary also serves the purpose of indicating how subcaste and clan names are common to several castes and tribes.
1550s, "a race of men," from Latin castus "chaste," from castus "cut off, separated; pure" (via notion of "cut off" from faults), past participle of carere "to be cut off from" (and related to castration), from PIE *kas-to-, from root *kes- "to cut" (cf. Latin cassus "empty, void"). Originally spelled cast in English and later often merged with cast (n.) in its secondary sense "sort, kind, style."
Application to Hindu social groups was picked up by English in India 1610s from Portuguese casta "breed, race, caste," earlier casta raça, "unmixed race," from the same Latin word. The current spelling of of the English word is from this reborrowing. Caste system is first recorded 1840.
A specialized group carrying out a specific function within a colony of social insects. For example, in an ant colony, members of the caste of workers forage for food outside the colony or tend eggs and larvae, while the members of the caste of soldiers, often larger with stronger jaws, are responsible for defense of the colony.
One of the four hereditary social divisions in Hinduism. Members of any one caste are restricted in their choice of occupation and may have only limited association with members of other castes.
Note: Caste has come to mean a group of persons set apart by economic, social, religious, legal, or political criteria, such as occupation, status, religious denomination, legal privilege, skin color, or some other physical characteristic. Members of a caste tend to associate among themselves and rarely marry outside the caste. Castes are more socially separate from each other than are social classes.
Note: During the height of segregation in the United States, African-Americans were sometimes loosely referred to as a caste.