It still exists in places along the tari or submontane fringe of the Himalayas.
The state of Jammu proper, as opposed to Kashmir, consists of a submontane tract, forming the upper basin of the Chenab.
The monsoon rains come later and are much less abundant than in the submontane zone.
The submontane tract is an undulating country with a red soil, much broken up into ravines along the foot of the hills.
The avifauna at Quoin Hill was a mixture of montane, submontane, and lowland species.
Of submontane walks and scenery it commands a surprising variety, having railway facilities in half a dozen directions.
Except in the submontane strips and deep valleys the climate is mild.