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[suhk-yuh-buh s] /ˈsʌk yə bəs/
noun, plural succubi
[suhk-yuh-bahy] /ˈsʌk yəˌbaɪ/ (Show IPA)
a demon in female form, said to have sexual intercourse with men in their sleep.
Compare incubus (def 1).
any demon or evil spirit.
a strumpet or prostitute.
Origin of succubus
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin, variant of Latin succuba succuba; cf. incubus
Can be confused
incubus, succubus. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for succubus


noun (pl) -bi (-ˌbaɪ)
Also called succuba. a female demon fabled to have sexual intercourse with sleeping men Compare incubus
any evil demon
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin, from Late Latin succuba harlot, from Latin succubāre to lie beneath, from sub- + cubāre to lie
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for succubus

late 14c., alteration (after incubus) of Late Latin succuba "strumpet," applied to a fiend in female form having intercourse with men in their sleep, from succubare "to lie under," from sub- "under" (see sub-) + cubare "to lie down" (see cubicle).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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