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[suhm-uh n] /ˈsʌm ən/
verb (used with object)
to call upon to do something specified.
to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court:
to summon a defendant.
to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action:
to summon parliament.
to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up):
to summon all one's courage.
Origin of summon
1175-1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above
Related forms
summonable, adjective
summoner, noun
resummon, verb (used with object)
unsummonable, adjective
unsummoned, adjective
Synonym Study
1–3. See call. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for summoner
Historical Examples
  • Already the summoner and the archers with their prisoner were clear of the house.

    Sir Nigel Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Zra answered to the summoner, and the priest, taking off his hat, saluted her.

    A Noble Queen (Volume I of 3) Philip Meadows Taylor
  • Thus, if the summoner had been to a house first, the Friar was likely to suffer.

    Chaucer for Children Mrs. H. R. Haweis
  • The evil one is sarcastic on the special wickedness of the summoner.

    Chaucer for Children Mrs. H. R. Haweis
  • The summoner was ashamed to say what he really was, so he said, Yes.

    Chaucer for Children Mrs. H. R. Haweis
  • You will see later why he was so anxious to bring the summoner to his own dwelling.

    Chaucer for Children Mrs. H. R. Haweis
  • Yes, says the summoner, pay me—lets see—twelve pence, and I will let you off.

    Chaucer for Children Mrs. H. R. Haweis
  • Fine, fine it was for him, be sure, to be the summoner to battle!

    The Lost Pibroch Neil Munro
  • His summoner received him gravely, and motioned him to a chair.

    This Side of Paradise F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Good Martin's reply was a stroke of his broad-sword that brought the summoner from his saddle to the ground.

    Arthur O'Leary Charles James Lever
British Dictionary definitions for summoner


verb (transitive)
to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work
to call upon to meet or convene
(often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
Derived Forms
summonable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for summoner



c.1200, from Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon," from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite," from Latin summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor (n.)). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from Old French sumunse, noun use of fem. past participle of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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